Winter garden in kindergarten: registration according to sanitary norms and program requirements
Communication with nature is of great importance for the upbringing and development of preschool children. Under the guidance of an adult, children gain knowledge about the world around them, learn to take care of plants, animals, and take responsibility for their actions.
Traditionally, preschool institutions are decorated with corners of nature, but if you can find a free space, it is advisable to arrange a winter garden in a kindergarten. Registration will require considerable material costs, but the results will not be long in coming. This room not only will please children, but can also be used as a room for psychological relief for adults.
What is a winter garden
Under the winter garden is meant a room or an annex with a variety of plants. There is also a winter garden in the kindergarten. The premises are designed in accordance with sanitary and hygienic standards and educational program.
Animals can also live in a pre-school establishment in the winter garden. From the greenhouse and the greenhouse the winter garden differs in size and quantity of plants, and also because it is not built separately from the main building.
It is desirable that the room was oriented to the south and covered with a glass roof, but in many preschool institutions this is not possible. Winter garden is equipped in ordinary rooms, but in order to bushes, flowers, guinea pigs, as well as children and teachers was comfortable, it is necessary to create some conditions.
For a winter garden choose the largest room in the area. It is advisable to provide for the insulated floor, because many plants in the cold will die. Close attention is paid to maintaining the necessary temperature (25-30 degrees Celsius, at night - 5-6 degrees below) and humidity (50%). Therefore, do not forget about ventilation. If funds permit, then you can equip a mini-fountain.
In addition to plants, the winter garden is decorated with posters and mock-ups. Since children do not yet know how to read, it is recommended to hang diagrams illustrating the stages of flower growth, the maturation of the seed, pictures depicting the inhabitants of the forest, meadow, pond, etc. Here, too, are stored methodological materials for familiarizing preschool children with nature, literary works.
In the summer, the garden is shaded and ventilated, and in the winter it is further illuminated.
The flora of the winter garden includes houseplants typical of the central part of Russia, shrubs, herbs of different countries and life forms. In the pre-school establishment it is recommended to breed begonias, cacti, aloe, succulents, hibiscus, and grassy lianas. Decorate the interior of orange and lemon trees, palm trees, banana grass. The selected plants should be compatible, combined with each other in color, shape.
Do not densely plant a garden. First, it is ugly, and secondly, it is necessary to provide for places where pupils will be engaged, participate in psychological training or joint games. This is the kind of winter garden in the kindergarten: the design of the room attracts the children, causes the desire to come here again.
In winter gardens, combined with living corners, most often have aquariums with guppies, a barbeque, veil tail, sword and other fish. In addition to fish, snails and plants are placed in the aquarium: a flexible nitella, riccia floating, elodeya Canadian. Algae help maintain the required level of oxygen in the aquarium and save the fry from being eaten by excessively voracious parents.
Children are interested in watching birds. Therefore, if the winter garden in the kindergarten is arranged, the design assumes the presence of cells with feeding troughs and drinkers. To the attention of the kids the teachers offer canaries and wavy parrots. Sand is poured on the bottom of the "bird houses". In the cells are mounted perches.
Many positive emotions are delivered by turtles, guinea pigs, rabbits, hamsters. Land animals are kept in cages, and turtles in terrariums.
Together with the teacher the pupils feed the animals, clean the cells, change the water, pour in the feed. Along the way, an adult tells about the origin, habitat, the way of life of animals, reptiles and birds, teaches to take care of our lesser brothers, asks not to forget that people are responsible for all life on Earth.
Winter design in kindergarten
In the period from December to February, special attention is paid not only to the winter garden, but also to the preschool institution as a whole. The windows in the groups are decorated with snowflakes or plot compositions on the theme of winter. In the classes on application and design, babies make garlands, masks of animals and fairy-tale characters, details of New Year costumes. At Christmas, the group is decorated with figures of angels, and on February 23 - with tanks and airplanes.
Winter design of the kindergarten group depends largely on the imagination of the teacher. Someone puts an image of Santa Claus and Snow Maiden on the wall, someone in the group has a snowman or the eyes of the heroes of the New Year's fairy tale, marching soldiers, novelties of military equipment.
In the parental corner, congratulations on the New Year, Christmas, Day of the Defender of the Fatherland are displayed. Here the teacher places recommendations on how to talk with children about the winter, winter holidays, work activities of people in the winter (wipers clean the streets of snow, stokniki keep the heat in the kindergarten, apartment, etc.), what to play in backyard. A list of literary works, poems for memorizing by heart, is also displayed.
Winter design territory of the kindergarten
In kindergarten, children spend their time not only in groups, halls, but also on sites. Equipment and snow structures should be strong enough, do not contain protrusions and sharp corners. Winter registration of kindergarten sites is first of all security. It is equally important to decorate the territory of a pre-school institution so that children are interested and fun to play.
Traditional fun for this time of the year is considered the sculpture of a snowman, but the leisure of kids can and should be more diverse. Winter decoration of the kindergarten sites is a place for outdoor games (clear snow), ski tracks, slides.
The climbing facilities are covered with snow, resulting in cozy houses for dolls and animals. Those who want to play snowballs build a fortress, and those who want to show artistic ability, work with watercolor. With the help of a brush and paint, snowmen and other molded figures are drawn, the walls of the fortress are decorated or patterns are simply drawn on the snow.
The more beautiful the preschool institution is, the more joy the kids stay in it, and the emotional well-being of the child in kindergarten is the dream of all parents and teachers.