What to plant for seedlings in March 2018. Calendar planting flowers and vegetables
Spring is approaching - the time when we can start sowing vegetable seeds for seedlings on window sills in the kitchen - vegetables that have a long growing season and need higher temperatures for growth.
Lunar Sowing Calendar for March 2018
Lunar gardener's calendar will help you choose the most suitable days for work and exclude not very favorable days. This is especially important for the first months of spring, from which the hottest time begins for any gardener.
April is the period of planting seedlings. Radishes, lettuce, parsley, potatoes, carrots, peas, beans are planted in the open soil, and it is possible to sow cabbage, medium and late, broccoli, beets, at a temperature of 6 - 8 degrees. Pick up already planted seedlings produced in the last days of the month.
When spring comes, many begin to think about growing seedlings, and about transplanting indoor plants, which over the winter have grown out of the usual capacity.To make your work 100% successful, use the lunar calendar. In this miracle calendar, there are useful tips to help you grow wonderful plants, and in the summer and autumn to get a wonderful harvest.
Sowing cabbage seeds for seedlings
Home production of seedlings and its advantages:
- Allows you to get ready-to-eat vegetables much earlier than it would be as a result of the climate calendar.
- Transplantation of own production is cheaper than that purchased from seedling producers, and, moreover, the choice of seeds is much more than the supply of plants in the form of seedlings.
- This allows us to grow crops in a warmer climate, for which our growing season is too short.
- For gardeners who sprout on the windowsill, the first after long winter delicate plants is a balm for the soul and a promise of a fast approaching spring.
Preparing seedlings at home is not difficult. The condition is to find a place on the sunny windowsill, preferably from the south. A large amount of light is very important. Without this, the seedlings will become weak and easily amenable to the disease.Proper humidity and temperature are also important. In this article we will answer the most frequently asked questions.
For sowing cabbage on seedlings, you need to apply a mixture of equal parts of peat, sod land and sand with the addition of wood ash (half a glass of ash per two liters of land mixture).
Sift the mixture. After it is recommended to add perlite to the soil. It perfectly loosens the ground, guarantees air tolerance, absorbs excess moisture during watering, and then slowly gives it, which is important for young seedlings.
Cabbage seeds before sowing, place for twenty minutes in a dark pink solution of potassium permanganate, then wash them in clean water.
After prophylaxis, slightly dry the cabbage seeds to flowability and spread one by one on the soil surface according to the 1x1 centimeter scheme, since the seedlings do not like density
Put labels with the name of varieties.
Pour the seeds with soil mixture a layer of 1-1,5 cm. Wet the top layer of soil from a spray bottle.
Put the bowl in the bag and leave the sowing until germination at about 20 ° C.
Growing conditions for cabbage seedlings
Eight, ten days after sowing, cabbage sprouts appear.Probably the most serious stage in the cultivation of seedlings begins. During this period, the temperature should be reduced down to 8 ... 10 ° С. Maintaining the right temperature is one of the basic rules. After one or two weeks, the temperature may be increased to 15 ... 17 ° C, but still at this time the temperature drop during the day and at night and also frequent airing is very useful for the plants. During this period, irrigate crops should be in moderation, allowing the soil to dry between watering. When the seedlings appear 1-2 real leaves, it is possible to begin picking the cabbage.
Pickling cabbage seedlings
The soil composition for picking seedlings of cabbage consists of 2 parts of peat, 2 parts of sod land, 1 part of humus and 0.5 parts of sand. For 5 liters of this consistency, add one glass of wood ash. Stir.
Fill the pots with soil composition for 2/3 volume, compact. Create depth holes so that the roots are located in them without bends.
Pinch very large roots by a third. After backfilling the soil around the seedling, compact a little.
Carefully irrigate the cabbage seedlings, start at the edge of the pot.
The cabbage is very capricious to light, so after picking, place the seedlings in the brightest place. The temperature at this time should be 15 ... 17 ° С.
Watering cabbage seedlings
It is carried out at room temperature. Moistening in this period should be small. Frequent airing and temperature changes at night and daytime are very beneficial for seedlings.
Feeding cabbage seedlings
Up to planting seedlings in the ground, cabbage should be fed twice. The first bait spend on the stage of two real leaves. When prikormke try not to get on the leaves. If ash has not been used for the manufacture of soil composition, feed the seedlings with a special fertilizer for seedlings, including nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and trace elements.
In the period of 3-4 real leaves (approximately 2 weeks before planting), feed the seedlings a second time. With the arrival of warm weather as often as possible, take out the seedlings on the street. If possible, place it in a greenhouse or greenhouse.
Features of growing pumpkin seeds
Many of us know about the benefits of pumpkin. But not everyone uses it for food, despite the fact that it is simply a treasury of vitamins!
Those who prefer to pumpkin or just want to join a healthy diet, starting to grow it on their land, and this article will be timed.
Increasingly, pumpkins are grown from vegetables in the backyard, which produces large orange or yellow fruits. We advise how to grow pumpkins in the garden. Pumpkin grows in the garden.
In any case, before planting the seeds of a given plant, it is necessary to sort them. Selection is subject to larger seeds, and thin and small - are sent to marriage.
For sowing and cultivation tend to choose large grains. Throw small and choose only the highest quality. the best preparation for sowing may consider sprouting them before spitting. Seeds before sowing are placed in warm vodka for two hours, and after two days at room temperature they are wrapped in a damp cloth. It is necessary to emphasize that in the cultivation of pumpkin the procedure of soaking the grains is considered essential. Grains prepared in a similar way suffer less from pests because they lose their taste. Soaked grains sprout faster.
It is recommended to grow a pumpkin by means of seedlings due to the fact that in a similar way it is possible to acquire results much earlier.
Growing pumpkins from seedlings allows you to get an earlier harvest.Seed production takes about 4 weeks. Seeds should be sown in mid-April in pots with a diameter of 8-10 cm.
In order for the seedlings to come out strong and healthy, it is required not to disturb some of the tips:
In the initial few days, it will be necessary to provide crops with a temperature of + 18-25 degrees during the daytime, and to lower it to + 15-18 degrees at night.
When sprouts appear, it is necessary to observe the temperature again: the first six days during the daytime it should be at the level of + 15-18 degrees, and at night + 12-13 degrees. This is necessary so that the seedlings are not stretched.
After such jumps in the first week and a half, it is possible to locate crops in a room with a temperature of + 18-22 degrees, but at night it is still preferable to reduce it to + 13-15 degrees.
Irrigated pumpkin seedlings need a little water, but regularly. Do not overdry the soil. If the temperature is + 18-22 degrees and the optimum humidity of the earth, the seedlings will be strong, and if the ground is too wet - the seedlings are drawn out.
Within seven days after the emergence of seedlings, it is possible and necessary to feed the seedlings with fertilizers.Here is suitable such fertilizer as nitrophoska, which is diluted in a ratio of 15 grams per 10 liters of water.
When the danger of frost has passed, it is possible to land the seedlings at a permanent place on the site. Put it in pre-cooked wells that need to be shed with warm water.
The seedling is planted in the ground in the second half of May at the same distance as when sowing seeds directly on the ground. The main methods of care for the cultivation of pumpkin include soil loosening and weeding. They are used especially in the initial period of growth, until the leaves cover the soil. The condition of high yield is sufficient soil moisture, especially during flowering and fruit conditions. Early thinning of the kidneys has a beneficial effect on the size of the crop. In varieties with medium fruits, 8-10 compounds can be left on a plant, and 3 or 4 compounds are left in large fruit varieties. It is also recommended to trim the tops of all shoots above the second leaf in mid-August after the last fruit, which speeds up the ripening of the fruit.
We sow beets on seedlings
Beetis one of the most popular vegetables. Root beet is alkaline, contains proteins, sugars, mineral salts, vitamins of group B, vitamin C.It has a dietary value due to its high fiber content (it has a positive effect on digestion) due to the content of malic, lemon, wine and oxalic acid.
Priming.For sowing seeds it is possible to apply the ready-made soil from the store or to make it yourself. It is necessary to mix two parts of peat, one part of humus or well-rotted compost, one part of sod or garden soil, and 0.5 part of washed sand. Beetroot does not like acidic so it is necessary to addhalf a glass of wood ash for every 5 liters of the composition. Ash will be an excellent fertilizer for beet seedlings.
Fill the container with soil, compact it and spread it over the surface of the treated seeds. (How to process seeds, we wrote above)
Sowing seeds.Seeds can be sown dry, but germinated seeds will grow faster, in addition, you can immediately remove the defective.
From above we fall asleep with a layer of 1-1.5 cm. Condense the surface slightly so that the soil does not erode.
Water, make sure that the seeds do not appear on the surface of the soil.
Cover the beet crops with glass or put in a bag and set aside in a bright warm place.Keep the temperature before germination + 18 ... + 20 ° С. After the seedlings appear on the soil surface, it is recommended to reduce the temperature to + 14 ... + 16 ° С.
Dive beetroot in the stage of cotyledon leaves.
Picking seedlings beets.If the crockery for sowing was deep and spacious, and the crops are sparse, then you can do without picking. In order not to dive beetroot, it is also possible to sow it into purchased or self-made seedling cassettes.
During the picking, use the ground of the same composition as for sowing, but add to it 1 tablespoon of nitroammofoski for 5 liters of the mixture.Water pike seedlings.
Top dressing. Every 2 weeks feed seedlings of beets with liquid fertilizer for seedlings.
When to plant. With the appearance of 2-3 true leaves seedlings ready for planting in open ground.
What flowers should be planted in March, April
March temperatures are still too low and the weather is too unstable to decide on planting flowering plants in the ground. Nevertheless, we can already plant pots and drawers on balconies and terraces, and in the house we grow flower beds of blooming flowers in summer and autumn. Look at what flowers we planted in March and learn useful tips on their cultivation.If you give them a good start in spring, at the end of summer and autumn you will enjoy their beauty!
March and April is the time of planting on the balconies of spring plants. Over the years pansies have been a hit during this period. Pansies are available in countless colors and different sizes. Such a wide range will satisfy even the most demanding customers.
Pansies bloom from spring to summer, and sometimes until the autumn. The longest will be if the box or pots with them are set in a slightly shady place. During the cultivation, remember to regularly moderate watering. Blown flowers are removed on a regular basis, thanks to which we will stimulate plants to produce new flower buds and, thus, ensure long-term flowering.
Pansies look beautiful in pots, but they also go well with other plants that were flowering at the time. Among the pansies we can plant daisies, primroses, bells and hyacinths and daffodils already present in March.
We pour the tubers into separate pots (1 onion per pot), filled with universal compost soil.We plant them not too deeply: begonia - 5 cm, dog - 10 cm, and usually large dahlia strawberries - 30-40 cm (large, high pots are needed).
Attention!Remember that when sowing tuber begonias it should follow the characteristic notch facing upwards.
After planting flower bulbs, cover the top layer of soil in a pot with 1-2 cm of sand. This will reduce water loss from the substrate and keep the tubers in the ground when the growing roots nudge them. The pots are located in a bright, not very warm room (optimally 10-15 ° C). Too high temperature (above 20 ° C) will cause the plants to urinate.
At the end of April, we put pots on a balcony or terrace every day for a few hours. Plants are planted in the soil after May 15.
In March, we plant onions of late varieties of lilies, ornamental grasses and garden ferns. These plants do not tolerate planting in the fall. Remember that you can plant them only when the ground is completely warm. If the thermal conditions are not favorable (risk of frost), we must refrain from landing until April.
It is worth knowing! Put a lily before planting, carefully peel off. Choose those whose roots are well developed and not damaged. We place them in the soil at a depth of 10-15 cm at intervals of 20-25 cm.
In March, you can start growing annual plants from seedlings, such as asters, sage, zinnia, heliotropes and fevers. Seeds are sown in wooden or plastic containers filled with a mixture of peat and sand. We wet the substrate and move the boxes to a good sunny place (for example, on a windowsill). To provide them with more moisture, you can also cover them with foil, which we remove when the plants begin to germinate. Cut seedlings into pots when the first leaves appear. It is good to cut the roots of seedlings - this will stimulate them for further growth and make the plants better roots.