What is taiga?
Anyone has at least a general idea oftaiga. Most people ask: "This is the forest", without hesitation, immediately answer: "This is the forest." And indeed, the taiga is a word of Turkic origin, which is translated into Russian by the phrase "dense impenetrable forest". This definition best describes the coniferous forests of the temperate climatic belt, which stretch across a vast strip of vast areas of all continents of the Northern Hemisphere.
Geographical boundaries of the taiga
The southern boundary of the taiga forests is the forty-second northern parallel, and in the north the taiga reaches up to the seventy-second parallels.
Flora of the taiga
For the Ural taiga the most characteristic are pineforests. In the Far Eastern taiga, mainly grow larch and cedar. In the taiga forests growing in the north of the European continent, different types of firs prevail. Spruce is also characteristic of the Canadian taiga, but in the forests of North America, pure spruce forests are rare, mostly diluted by American larch trees. The undergrowth in the taiga is very poorly developed - in coniferous taiga forests only rarely do honeysuckle, juniper or currant bushes. The earth is mostly covered by a thick layer of fallen pine needles, and only sometimes islets between small shrubs of bilberry or cowberry are formed between trees.
Fauna of the taiga
The fauna of the taiga is quite diverse. Taiga fauna is represented by such species of large predators as wolves, brown bears, foxes, lynxes and wolverines. Of the smaller predatory animals in the taiga, ermines, mink, martens and sables are common. In addition to predators, deer, moose, squirrels, chipmunks, rabbits, roe deer and dozens of other species of animals live in the taiga forests.
About how you can survive in the taiga of a strayed person, is described in our article How to survive in the taiga.