What is mastitis?

Mastitis is an inflammation of the breast, which mainly occurs in nursing women, but pregnant women and even girls are not insured against it.

In this article I will tell you in more detail about what mastitis is and how to avoid this disease.

Causes of mastitis

The causative agent of mastitis is staphylococcus,streptococcus and some other bacteria that can enter the mammary gland through dirty underwear, the baby's mouth when feeding, if proper hygiene is not observed, and if there are cracks in the nipples that result from improper application of the baby to the breast during feeding. Another common cause of mastitis - lactostasis - stagnant milk due to poor emptying of the breast.

Symptoms

Symptoms of mastitis in the initial stagethe disease is redness of the skin, pain, fever, breast enlargement. Mastitis should be treated immediately, otherwise under the skin there may be an abscess, and pus will be mixed with milk.

How to avoid mastitis?

To avoid mastitis for lactating women, it is necessary:

  • Use special underwear for feeding (pitted, with detachable valves).
  • Do not overdo it with hygiene - when washing the breast, the natural grease is washed off, which leads to cracks (washing is allowed no more than twice a day).
  • Feed the child on demand, and not on the regime - feeding with a restriction, usually leads to stagnation of milk.
  • Do not express milk too often, because it leads to the formation of excess milk, which the child can not cope with, the result - the stagnation of milk.
  • Change the posture in the process of feeding for a uniform emptying of the breast.
  • Do not stop feeding too early, the breast may not be in time to adjust to a smaller production of milk.

It is enough for other women to follow the rules of mammary hygiene for the prevention of mastitis.

Read also: How to treat mastitis.

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