What is a kidney cyst?
In order to understand what a kidney cyst is,it is necessary first of all to determine what a cyst is. A cyst is called a rounded closed bag, which is formed by a connective tissue. Within this formation, liquid, semi-solid or gaseous substances may be present. As for the kidney cyst, it is filled with a clear liquid of light yellow color. In some cases, its space can fill a variety of tissues. Kidneys are hereditary (genetic), acquired, as well as cysts associated with various diseases (kidney abscess, kidney trauma, kidney cancer, kidney tuberculosis).
As a rule, most cysts flowis asymptomatic. Usually they are discovered quite by chance on ultrasound. Therefore, it is necessary to find out what its slightest symptoms look like. The kidney cyst can manifest itself as follows:
- Renal colic.
- Palpable tumor.
- Arterial hypertension.
In fact, the cyst of the kidney, the size is quite small, usually about 2 centimeters. However, sometimes its size can vary from 1 to 10 centimeters.
Causes of kidney cyst formation
The cyst is formed in the case when the growth of epithelial cells begins to accelerate in the kidney tubules. There are the following categories of cysts:
- Emerging during the life of the patient.
- Due to hereditary predisposition.
- Developing against the background of genetic diseases.
- Malignant cysts.
- Acquired cysts.
Thus, the appearance of kidney cysts can be due to both the hereditary factor and the transferred disease, as well as the consequence of any chronic disease.
Surgical and puncture treatment
The cyst begins to pose a threatmoment, as it begins to grow: increasing in size, it begins to squeeze the organ, which leads to kidney failure. In this case, the patient is given a puncture of the kidney cyst. In puncture treatment, the patient is injected into the cystic cavity of autoblood and iodine-containing substance, which prevents relapse of the disease.
In very severe course of the disease, fortreatment of the kidney cyst patient is offered a surgical procedure. Recently, laparoscopic operations have been widely practiced. After carrying out such operations, the patient is much more quickly recovering.
Laparoscopic removal of the cyst of the kidney followsperform in those cases where the cyst has a large diameter, as well as with polycystic kidney disease. This procedure is carried out as follows. First, the doctor performs a 3-4 incision in the anterior abdominal wall of the patient, a small one. After that, he introduces in them special tools designed for the subsequent removal of the kidney cyst. It is worth noting that during the laparoscopic removal of the kidney cyst, the patient must stay in the hospital for a very short period of time. This variant of the operation, in contrast to the old methods, also allows a significant reduction in the rehabilitation period. The person who transferred it, becomes again workable in a very short time.