Vietnamese New 2018
Vietnamese New Year is an unusual holiday. And it is remarkable not only because it is celebrated in February, and not on the first of January, as in the rest of the world. Its main feature is the numerous traditions that make this day interesting and unforgettable.
New Year in Vietnam
“The Feast of the First Morning” is the name for Tet Nguan Dan in Vietnam, or simply for Tet, the Vietnamese new year. Tet is celebrated not according to the usual European Gregorian, but according to the lunar calendar. And therefore the question naturally arises - how many is the Vietnamese New Year in 2018?
Tet Nguan Dan begins on the first day of the first lunar month of the new annual cycle of the lunar calendar. As a rule, this is the period from the end of January to the end of February - depending on the year.
In 2018, Vietnamese New Year Tet is celebrated on February 16th.
Or rather, February 16, the holiday is just beginning. After all, in fact, celebrations do not last one day, but stretch out for a whole week.
Tet is a family holiday in the first place.And although today major cities are doing everything to attract tourists, the main thing on this day is family and meetings with relatives. However, this is not the only interesting tradition.
Initially Tet was based on the cult of ancestors - the story of this holiday go back to the depths of centuries. And many of the customs of the Vietnamese New Year are still preserved and are annually performed in the same form in which they existed centuries ago.
The main tradition that has been strictly observed by literally all the inhabitants of the country is the renewal of the home altar. Virtually every home has its own special place where the spirits of ancestors are worshiped. By the New Year, it is customary to make special offerings to the sacred keepers of the hearth - the traditional dish “five fruits”. However, this is not quite a dish: on a large clean plate five different fruits are laid out beautifully - certainly ripe, large, without wormholes and no damage. Then the whole composition is placed at the altar, symbolizing wealth and wealth in the family. Such an offering has one interesting feature - the list of fruits by anyone and not regulated by anything. There are some special fruits, which are not desirable for ancestors, but the list of “unwanted fruits” also varies depending on the area.
In Asia, everything is symbolic and therefore the fruits must be red, orange or yellow, since they are identified with 5 basic elements of the universe:
It is allowed to use such fruits:
- Finger citrons.
Some families offer gods coconuts, watermelons and the so-called dragon fruit.
The first day of Theta - Zyaothya - the time of children and parents. Children decided to give new clothes - this rule is strictly observed with the kids. A child in the family must meet and spend the first day in a new outfit - a beautiful new dress symbolizes wealth and good luck in the new year. The main symbol of wealth is the main gift - the child will certainly be given money in a red envelope or wallet. Red - the color of joy and good luck, but because these days in Vietnam are literally painted in a bright scarlet hue.
Another sign of the "nepotism" of the holiday is social assistance from the official authorities. Poor families on New Year’s Eve receive special benefits from the government for Theta celebration.The amount by the standards of Vietnam is quite decent and fully covers the cost of the festive table and traditional gifts.
The main dish on the holiday table is pork in all forms: fried, stewed, boiled, with vegetables, with broth and without. Meat has long been considered a symbol of wealth, but because meat dishes must be present in abundance.
Tet - the time of cooking traditional national bantiing pies - wrapped in banana leaves a mixture of rice, mung bean and pork. The leaves with the filling are folded, tied with grass stalks or thin rods and boiled. Ready-made cakes unwrap and treat everyone to them, while the banana leaves serve as a kind of plate on which you can serve a slice.
Like any holiday with a rich history, Theta has its own special features. For example, on the first day you can not come to visit without an invitation. Vietnamese believe that a person who first crosses the threshold of a house in the new year brings with it a special energy - good luck, wealth, prosperity and well-being ... or vice versa - unhappiness, sorrow, illness. That is why visits on this day are strictly regulated.Another sign that may seem strange to Europeans: you can not dress up in white clothes. White in Buddhism is the color of sadness, therefore it is better to use other shades in dresses. But red is welcomed, and in its brightest manifestations - fiery, scarlet, strawberry.
An indispensable attribute of the Vietnamese New Year is the streets decorated with flowers and lanterns. Flowers and lanterns in the days of the holiday can be seen literally everywhere: plants in pots stand along sidewalks, compositions and huge figures are made up of flowers, cafes and shops are decorated with garlands and arches.
And even among passers-by this day you can see a bright flower in your hair or clothes. Tet is a holiday of spring, because on this day, according to legend, spring comes to the land of Vietnam and the world is born again. And what can better show the beauty of the newly born nature than the flower - bright and at the same time gentle?
You can look at the beautiful flowers that adorn the streets of Vietnam in our gallery:
Speaking about the celebration of the Vietnamese New Year, it is impossible not to mention the dance of the lion - a colorful dance procession held annually on the streets of the cities of the country.A large figure depicting a lion is controlled from the inside by two men. The basic movements in dance are regulated - many of them are similar to the basic elements of oriental martial arts. Dancing, the lion passes through the streets, "fighting" with evil spirits and driving them out of the city. The task of governing a lion is to walk as many streets as possible in order to “drive out” evil from everywhere.