Upholstery for the sofa: which one to choose?
The sofa is an indispensable thing in any home. It is pointless to talk about its merits - they are well known. But it's not everyone who knows how to trim up the sofas and how to pick it up. Go to any online store you will see - dozens and hundreds of sofas - and all of them are at first glance beautiful and flawless, but there are subtleties, knowing that you will never make a mistake.
The main characteristics of "sofa" fabrics
- Density. The fabric is thicker, the firmer the upholstery. That it, respectively, and more durable.
- Air permeability. "Breathable" tissues will not allow the sofa to die, and therefore deform during use.
- Resistant to abrasion and cleaning. There is such a special concept as "coefficient of abrasion". The higher its value, the longer the fabric lasts and the better the sofa looks after several years of operation. According to the Martindale test, reliable tissue should have a value of at least 20 000.
- Spooling or pilling. Fabric is considered qualitative if the spools on it are formed only after a long time or are not formed at all.
- Lightfastness - resistance to light. This indicator must be at least 4 points. Otherwise, under the influence of sunlight, the sofa will quickly fade.
Types of fabrics
When choosing upholstery, remember thatThe sofa, like any piece of furniture, is purchased for a year. Therefore, when buying it should pay attention not only to the aesthetic appearance, but also to the properties of the material.
The most practical version of the fabric is one that combines two qualities: wear resistance and ease of maintenance.
Based on these parameters, we attributed the following to the most practical tissues:
The name speaks for itself. The material is eco-friendly, durable and practical. Gently rubbed with a rag - and the couch as new. It is worth noting that the natural skin with time not only does not deteriorate, but on the contrary, it becomes even better than before. The only drawbacks - this is the price and inconvenience of use in the hot season (there are wet tracks).
A worthy substitute for the above material. Modern technologies make it possible to produce artificial leather, which is almost inferior in its parameters to natural. At the same time for a lower price. In fact, the artificial skin is a film applied to the fabric. The most optimal option in this case is a combined upholstery (a combination of natural and artificial leather).
Strong natural jacquard fabric. It is well cleaned, long does not lose color, has antistatic effect. It is not dusty, which means it is resistant to dirt. Most often, the tapestry is made from 100% cotton or in woven with other fibers.
Jacquard or artificial silk
Two-layer fabric made of cotton andsynthetics. Very dense and strong. Hypoallergenic and antitoxic. But this noble and durable fabric is capricious to washing. Only dry cleaning with neutral detergents or a vacuum cleaner is allowed. He also does not like direct sunlight.
Outwardly, the fabric resembles suede. Made of polyester or cotton. Very comfortable material both in terms of durability, and in terms of care for it. It does not fade, does not fade and is well cleaned. Practically any stains are removed by usual cleaners.
This is a more refined jacquard. Chenille is durable, as it consists of threads of different types - natural and synthetic. This soft, warm cloth, resistant to washing. The only thing is that the sofas with this upholstery should be cleaned almost every week.
Flock, velor, suede, scotchgard unlike previous fabrics have more flaws, but with quality care will last a long time.
A very common type of sofa upholsterycotton and polyester. This material is nonwoven - the pile is glued to a special base. The fabric does not get dirty, as it is treated with water-repellent impregnation, it is well washed. The only negative is a short service life.
Fleecy fabric of mixed type. Features of weaving threads determine the strength of this material. The fabric is soft to the touch and "breathable". It does not stretch, although it is not easy to clean.
Cotton fabric, in the manufacture of whichwater repellent impregnation is used. In this regard, the fabric is moisture-proof and well-cleaned, but short-lived. Currently, not in great demand, only as a material for removable covers.
Suede and Alcantara (artificial suede)
Able to serve for a long time only with careful care. This will require special cleaning agents and soft brushes.
There are more refined upholstery for sofas. For example, such as silk and velvet. But they are rather used for beauty, rather than for convenience. Silk and velvet sofas, of course, look chic, but require great care and carefulness.