Two important points in the construction of a log bathNovember 12, 2017
Construction of a log bath, as well as baths from any other building material, usually begins with the arrangement of the foundation. The service life and durability of a bath from cylindering largely depend on how well it was planned and how well the work on its construction was performed. In addition, an important factor for durability and quality of the structure is the correct selection of wood - logs for the construction of bath walls.
Foundation construction for a log bath
Different types of foundations are suitable for laying a log bath. Even before you decide what foundation to build, you need to find out the type and type of soil on the site, the presence and depth of groundwater flow at different times of the year, and determine the height of the bath and the wall material. A detailed look at the most popular options. Pillar, belt and pile types of basement arrangements are used in the construction of baths most often.
The columnar variant of the foundation makes it possible to minimize costs during this stage of construction. It requires a smaller amount of building materials, reduced the volume of earthworks. The minimum size of pillars made of broken brick, concrete and stone is 50 to 50 cm. Also, wooden pillars can be used as the basis. However, the tree is subject to damage, and the lack of such a foundation will be its fragility. If the dimensions of the bath are small, the pillars are mounted at all corners of the structure, and at the junction of partitions and walls of the structure. In cases where the dimensions exceed the standard 5 to 6 meters, it is recommended the construction of additional supports on the number of walls.
However, not all soil types require this type of foundation. When constructing a log bath of not large dimensions, a foundation of sand type can also be used. This foundation is suitable for construction in areas where groundwater does not have a decisive impact, and the soil itself is sandy in type and provides natural drainage of moisture. To do this, remove the layer of sod, then the entire surface is covered with layers of sand, up to about 20 cm. Each layer of sand is shed with water and rammed.The last layers consist of equal parts of sand, gravel and cement, to increase the life of this type of foundation. Such a foundation can rise above the ground level by no more than 10-15 cm. In conclusion, the foundation is processed with bitumen mastic and covered with roofing material for better waterproofing.
For a two-story bath, regardless of the type of base material, it is desirable to use a tape type foundation. Get ready for more substantial material and time costs. The depth of such a foundation is determined by the proximity of groundwater and the type of soil of the land plot. Height above ground level can be up to 40-50 cm. The strip foundation also requires waterproofing.
However, there are areas with elevated groundwater levels. In this case, in order to lay the correct foundation for a bath in a damp place, it will be necessary to manufacture the foundation on screw piles. It is the use of piles to allow the bath to not depend on the level of groundwater and will make the structure not subject to seasonal fluctuations.
The choice of wood for exterior and interior decoration
Traditionally for the construction of the walls of the Russian bath is used wood. Felling log cabins often carried out in the paw, and from the inside the material is hewn.You can use rounded log, or timber. A bath made of timber will cost more, but the walls of such a bath will shrink less in the future than when using a log. Coniferous wood is more commonly used to make a log house: pine, etc. (the operation of such a bath will be more successful due to the presence of resins and natural protection from decay, use the northern winter forest), but other species can also be used.
For the construction of a log bath, you can use extremely healthy logs without visible or hidden damage. The material should be without twisting and rot. This will allow to achieve a reliable and strong connection of all structural elements of the structure. Also important is the choice of lumber of approximately the same diameter.
The special attention is demanded by tightness of your future construction. Bath should be warm. The log house is caulked from an otsilindrovannogo logs for the first time immediately after construction, and the second time in a couple of years, as soon as the draft of the structure ends.
During the interior finishing of the bath, inner lining is made from the log, it is necessary to lay the plinth 5-10 cm wide across the ceiling and floor area.The bottom row of the inner lining is positioned so that it is superimposed on the plinth, which will allow the internal moisture not to fall behind the plinth. Do not forget about the need to arrange internal waterproofing. After 2-3 years, when the log house has completed primary shrinkage, it is required to carry out work on secondary caulking of walls, and new cracks on the front and inside of the bath.