Triglycerides: what is it?

One of the main sources of energy for cellsare triglycerides. What it is? These are glycerin derivatives that enter the human body with food. Together with cholesterol, this substance is the main source of fat.triglycerides what is it

Triglycerides: what is it and what is their role in the human body?

Triglycerides constitute the main part of fattissue in the human body. Together with food, extra calories come, converted from triglycerides to fat. These substances, like any other fats, are insoluble in the liquid, they are always surrounded by phospholipids and proteins that create a membrane (lipoprotein), through which triglycerides are freely transported throughout the body. These substances can be formed from different sources of energy: proteins, fats, carbohydrates.

Without fats, the body can not function properly. However, their overabundance can become a threat to human health and lead to:

  • atherosclerosis;

  • hypertension;

  • cirrhosis of the liver;

  • pancreatitis;

  • chronic renal failure;

  • obesity;

  • diabetes mellitus;

  • hypothyroidism;

  • gout;

  • alcoholism and neurotic anorexia.blood test triglycerides

Triglycerides in the blood

The level of triglycerides in the blood should not exceed150 mg / dl. The amount of this substance is affected by the age of a person and the way of life. Namely, insufficient physical activity, overeating, bad habits. To determine the index of this substance, it is necessary to submit a blood test. Triglycerides, according to the results of laboratory research, can be increased or decreased. In the first and in the second case, we can talk about the development of a disease.

Increased triglycerides: what does it mean?

A high indicator indicatesa metabolic syndrome that combines such signs as high blood sugar, high blood pressure, insulin resistance. Also, the increase in the amount of triglycerides can be facilitated by taking certain medications (oral contraceptives, diuretics, beta-blockers, steroid drugs). In connection with the hormonal rearrangement of the body, an increase in these substances is observed in pregnant women.

If triglycerides are lowered, what does it mean?

A low content may indicate the presence or development of the following dangerous diseases:

  • hyperthyroidism;

  • cerebral infarction;

  • lung diseases;

  • kidney pathology;

  • myasthenia gravis;

  • excess of vitamin C.triglyceride level

Normalization of the level of triglycerides

The main method of maintaining a normal leveltriglycerides in the blood is compliance with the principles of healthy eating. If under normal nutrition with 40% fat content of these substances is increased, it is necessary to reduce fat intake to 30%. If this does not work, then gradually the amount of fat in the diet is reduced to 20%. However, such a diet should be appointed by a doctor who will constantly monitor the patient's well-being. In addition, to normalize the level of triglycerides, it is necessary to give up smoking and alcohol, and also adhere to the rules of a healthy lifestyle.

Triglycerides: what is it and what are their functions? You know the answers to these questions after reading this article.

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