Treatment of intestinal adhesions, their symptoms, diagnosis and prevention
Jul 19, 2018
Many people experience unpleasant pains or discomfort in the abdomen.The reasons for such excruciating states can be many.One of them is a spike in the intestine.It is important to recognize this extremely unpleasant disease in time and take prompt measures to eliminate it.
- Causes of intestinal adhesions
- Symptoms and diagnosis of intestinal adhesions
- Treatment of intestinal adhesions
- Prevention of intestinal adhesions
What causes adhesions of the intestine
What are spikes?Spikes are fissures from the connective tissue that arise around the site or organ in which the inflammatory process is taking place.From the point of view of the immune system - this is quite logical and somewhere even the right process.
The body fences with their help healthy tissues and organs from the site in which the inflammatory process is taking place.Most often spikes occur in places where the inflammatory process takes a chronic form.
Sometimes spikes in the intestine are congenital anomalies, but this is a rare case.The acquired adhesions in the intestine have three main causes.
- abdominal trauma
- chronic inflammatory processes in any organ of the gastrointestinal tract
- pelvic inflammatory processes in women
Let us consider in detail each of the three reasons.
Belly trauma refers to mechanical effects on the abdominal cavity of a person.
Common mechanical effects:
- Exposure of foreign bodies both from the outside and from the inside.For example, you accidentally swallowed an object.
- Chemical impact on the abdominal cavity.
- Injuries resulting from abdominal operations.For example, after removal of the appendix or after a pregnancy, when a child is born with the operation on the abdomen of a woman - caesarean section.
Common chronic diseases of the digestive tract:
- Colitis - problems with intestinal motility.
- Pancreatitis is an inflammation of the pancreas.
- Cholecystitis is an inflammation of the gallbladder.
- Duodenitis is an inflammation of the duodenal mucosa.
The third group of causes that affect the formation of adhesions in the intestine are female diseases.These include various inflammatory diseases of the uterus and ovaries, as well as endometriosis.
Endometriosis is an interesting disease from the point of view of science, as physicians still do not know the exact cause of its occurrence.
It is a benign growth of the inner layer of the uterus( endometrium) where it is not supposed - for example, on the leaflets of the peritoneum.
Of course, the immune system sees an abnormal cell growth and begins to fence the abnormal growths with a connective tissue.Thus, spikes are formed.
Symptoms and diagnosis of intestinal adhesions
Severity of symptoms depends on the location of adhesions in the abdominal region and the extent of their spread.Adhesive disease is very interesting in that each person proceeds in different ways: from severe forms that require immediate hospitalization to hidden, long-term variants of the disease.
With a severe form of the disease, intestinal obstruction arises.It is characterized by severe pain, nausea, vomiting and high fever.With such symptoms, a person should immediately consult a doctor.
However, most often the adhesive disease proceeds in a more relaxed form.This form of adhesions is called chronic.You will be periodically disturbed by aching abdominal pains, sudden nausea and alternating diarrhea with constipation.
In this case, these symptoms will suddenly arise without any reason( for example, such logical reasons for such symptoms as overeating or poisoning) and just as suddenly go through.
You should pay attention to the causeless occurrence of the above symptoms.This is the first reason to think about going to the doctor.
Indirect factors of the presence of adhesions in the intestine are chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, transmitted infections and surgical interventions.
A qualified physician can accurately diagnose an unpleasant illness after collecting your personal complaints and performing diagnostics using medical instruments.
Methods for diagnosing intestinal adhesions:
- MRI( magnetic resonance imaging)
Laparoscopy is the most accurate method for detecting intestinal adhesions.The method consists in introducing the apparatus into the abdominal cavity through a small incision on the abdomen.At the end of the instrument is a microscopic video camera.
The method is valuable in that finding spikes in the intestines, the tool can immediately remove them.That is, laparoscopy is a unique diagnostic method, since it combines both the diagnosis of adhesions and their removal.
Treatment of intestinal adhesions
There are two methods for treating intestinal adhesions:
- Operating - performing an operation to remove adhesions.
- Conservative - the appointment of a special diet, physiotherapy and medication.
The treatment method for each patient is appointed by the attending physician depending on the severity of the illness.As already mentioned earlier, surgical intervention involves the removal of the adhesion itself, the application of stitches and the process of rehabilitation of the patient.We will consider in more detail the conservative method of treatment of adhesions.
Conservative method of treatment of intestinal adhesions is a complex method of treatment, only with observance of all prescriptions of the doctor will the adhesions dissolve.
The aim of the method is to balance the work of the patient's gastrointestinal tract and to cure the inflammatory processes going on in the organs.
If this goal can be achieved, the spikes will dissolve by themselves, as the immune system will no longer have to "shield" healthy organs from the inflamed areas.So, our task is to achieve harmonious work of all organs of the gastrointestinal tract.
The medicines prescribed by the doctor are designed to remove the primary inflammation, and special enzymes balance the proper allocation of the necessary substances in your liver and pancreas.The most durable method that will ensure the smooth operation of your digestive tract is compliance with a competently chosen diet.
Diet with intestinal adhesions will be fractional - that is, you will eat small portions at the same time of the day for about a month.It is necessary to avoid fasting and eating food, leading to bloating.
We will have to give up for a while from apricots, grapes, beans, cabbage and whole milk.Also under the ban should be carbonated drinks: both alcoholic and non-alcoholic.A person with a strong will can temporarily give up heavy and harmful food.
Physiotherapy involves the procedures of electrophoresis with drugs.
Conservative treatment is the safest and most effective in the treatment of adhesive disease of the intestine, since it is directed not only to the treatment of the consequence of the disease but is more concerned with eliminating the causes of adhesions.
Prevention of intestinal adhesions
The main prevention of adhesions is a healthy lifestyle!A person who adheres to a healthy lifestyle will never become ill with this unpleasant disease.
It is also very important to observe the correct diet.Try not to eat harmful food, less snack in fast food establishments and avoid large breaks between meals.
Avoid situations where the whole day go hungry, and then in the evening quickly, a lot and actively eat.In this case, uneven filling of the upper and lower divisions of the intestine occurs.
The duodenum and small intestine will be crowded, and the lower parts of your intestine will remain stuck together.Such experiments on your body - this is a great stress for the entire gastric tract.
Keep track of the regularity of your chair.Regular everyday emptying is a sign that your intestine is healthy and works like a clock.
Visit a regular dentist.Here the reader can not understand the connection between the health of teeth and spikes in the intestine.It's simple.In the oral cavity begins the process of digestion.If there is a constant infection in the mouth due to dental caries, the gastrointestinal tract is unlikely to be healthy.
Because the infection through the saliva easily go into the stomach, and then on.A routine examination of the teeth should be done twice a year.
For more information on what constitutes an intestinal obstruction, which develops as a result of the formation of adhesions, you will learn from Elena Malysheva's Program to Live Healthily.
In time to see the characteristic symptoms, you must consult a doctor to confirm the diagnosis.Whatever the end result, the disease, remember, at the initial stages we cure almost any ailment.Turning to a doctor in advance, you get off with "little blood", and most importantly, - your chronic discomfort in the abdomen will be stopped, and you will be able to fully work and enjoy life!
Remember that your health is in your hands.If you experience discomfort and abdominal pain, you should consult your doctor.Early diagnosis of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract will ensure you a quick recovery and a return to an active lifestyle.