Top dressing of fruit-trees and bushes in the spring and in the fall.
Garden crops need feeding 2 times per season. In spring or early summer, when foliage is intensively growing in plants, they should be fed with fertilizers containing nitrogen and potassium in equal proportions. Never apply nitrogen fertilizers without potash fertilizers.
What fertilizers to make in the spring under the fruit trees
Potassium nitrate is most suitable for spring dressing. You can use azofosku or nitrophoska, even better ecofosku or Kemira - wagon. Dilute the fertilizer in water in the following proportion: 3 tablespoons of any solution is diluted in 10 liters of water.
You can also feed plants in the spring can be urea with ash. To 3 tablespoons of urea, add half a glass of ash and dilute them in 10 liters of water.
In regions where there are frosts in the spring, for example, in the Northwest, nitrogen fertilizing of fruit trees and shrubs in the spring is done after the end of the threat of frost and cold, since nitrogen reduces the frost resistance of plants.
Top dressing of fruit-trees and bushes in the fall
In the second half of August, intensive growth of roots takes place in garden plants; therefore, they should be applied with fertilizers containing phosphorus and potassium. Potassium chloride is an excellent autumn feeding of fruit trees and shrubs, and especially for:
In dry weather, feeding is best done immediately after watering. To do this, you need to take 3 tablespoons of fertilizer in total on a bucket of water and pour fertilizing around the crown perimeter, because sucking roots are located there.
When trees and shrubs begin intensive growth of the ovaries, garden plants need trace elements. At this time, top dressing of fruit trees can be done in the form of spraying “Uniflor - micro” or “Florist”. 2 teaspoons diluted in 10 liters of water and with the help of a garden sprayer treat trees and shrubs. Both of these preparations contain a large number of microelements in chelate form (each molecule of mineral elements is “shrouded” by an organic molecule). It is in this form that the mineral dressing is absorbed by plants immediately, without the mediation of microorganisms (which just chelate the minerals by passing them through themselves).
Extra root dressing
Out-root feeding of fruit trees and shrubs, through the leaves is absorbed faster. rather than through the roots, so foliar nutrition is more effective, but only in emergency situations. Replace root nutrition, it can not. It is important that there is no rain for 3 to 4 hours after spraying. In addition, you need to make fertilizer in the evening so that the drugs are absorbed into the leaves, and not evaporated in the sun.
Can iodine be used for spraying garden crops?
It is possible, but only for the prevention of diseases caused by fungi:
- gray rot of strawberries
- powdery mildew of currants and gooseberries,
- cup rust,
- monilioz kostrokovyh cultures, etc.
Spraying should be repeated after 3 days. the solution is prepared from 10 ml% 5-ngo iodine and 10 l species. But it is much more efficient to use Zircon for the prevention and treatment of any plant diseases. It contains organic acids that are necessary for the immune system of plants. When spraying "Zircon" immunity is maintained at the proper level and the plants themselves do an excellent job with the plants.