Tax on wells for individuals in Russia
Many citizens with negative feedback on the newsThe fact that a tax on summer wells may soon appear. The government is seriously concerned about the budget deficit. In the long term - raising the retirement age, the growth of personal income tax by 1-2%, will resume previously canceled duties. The most "brave" politicians want to oblige the unemployed to pay for municipal polyclinics, schools, hospitals.
In such a situation, the tax on wells looks like a trifle compared to what we can expect. But first things first.
Taxes on wells in Russia
Let's turn to the legislation. The Federal Law "On Subsoil", as well as the Tax Code of the Russian Federation allows the use of wells and wells for personal use on personal and suburban plots.But only for the purpose of watering and watering animals. Paradox, but the needs of the man himself in the consumption of water from the well Tax code of information does not contain. But we will not cling to it. As they say, "what is not forbidden, it is allowed."
Under what conditions are the boreholes not taxed
At the moment, there is no tax on wells under the following conditions:
- The water intake is located in the backyard or cottage area.
- Consumption goes only to watering and watering animals (here, most likely, it is assumed and personal use).
- The fence is taken only from the first water horizon (as a rule, it is up to 30-40 meters, depending on the depth of limestone).
- The central supply of the population is carried out from a different depth.
- There is no business activity.
Consequently, the usual summer citizen tax onThe well used for watering cucumbers and tomatoes is not threatened. In any case yet. Maybe a few months will pass, and all information about this will become obsolete, and all grandmothers who water the garden from their wells will be obliged to pay the state fee.
We get permission to the well
Therefore, if you are allowed to use waterfrom a well for watering animals, you can protect yourself against future fines and sanctions from the authorities. Who knows what they have in mind tomorrow. Lack of money will force to write out fines to local rural budgets. Namely, money should be received there on the initiative of the legislators, if the tax on a well of any depth is introduced.
The first thing you need to do is to find out whetheron your site that very first horizon, which serves as a source for the central water supply. Most likely, it is unlikely, since water from this depth is contraindicated (perhaps, therefore, there is no mention of personal use in the Tax Code).
Documents for circulation to the Territorial Fund of Geological Information
For this purpose it is necessary to apply to the territorial fund of geological information or another body that replaces it.
To do this you need:
- Fill out an application.
- To pay a duty (the size should be clarified on the spot).
- Attach to the application a map with a scale of 1:10 000, on which the site is indicated.
After receiving a "permission", or rather "no ban", government agencies (usually the competence of Rosprirodnadzor) will be fearless.
If the drilling was in accordance with(Federal Law "On Subsoil"), then no one has the right to demand the design of a well. State authorities can initiate compliance checks. But we have already secured the source of the central water supply, and the depth of the well reaches only to the first water horizon. No tax on water from the well will not threaten you, because it has not yet been introduced. So you can not be afraid of any penalties.
Drilling of deepwater wells
As for deep-sea drilling, herethe situation is different. People make such wells in order to get artesian water. And this is not "sand" for watering. This water is equated almost with minerals. There is a tax on wells depending on the depth, which is more than 100 meters. But for this you need a license.
Artesian or groundwater: what is the difference?
Everyone intuitively understands that artesian water is better than groundwater. But how is it different? We will try to understand.
Artesian water is located between twodense layers. This allows you to protect it from various atmospheric precipitations, as well as from the penetration of sewage. By nature, this is pure water, which, moreover, is not subject to human influence. It is the most valuable resource not just for our country, but for the whole of mankind. In the world, the percentage of such water is negligible. We are fortunate that Russia is rich in such a resource. Just imagine that a citizen has cut through a well and just drains water into the river, using less than 0.001% of it. The purest natural water, the resource of which is severely restricted, merges with the local marsh, in which frogs and leeches are found. Agree, this information fundamentally changes the position as to whether a well is needed for the cleanest and rarest water in the world? Someone has to control the rationality of its use? The answer is obvious - of course, yes.
"You can not forbid taking it"?
Remember the famous phrase from the fairy tale: "Can not be executed pardon"? Approximately the same thing happens with the permission to use artesian water for individuals. The right to it gives only a license, and this a priori involves the creation of a legal entity. Without this action, it is impossible to obtain it.
But there are moments under the pressure of which you can get permission without creating a legal entity:
- There are no other alternative sources of water (for example, in the Crimea).
- The well already exists and it is necessary to legitimize it. Although, most likely, in this case the probability of prescribing will damp it will be higher.
Obtaining a license. Stage one: permission of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecology
The tax on wells and wells is normala trifle compared to what you have to go through. First, let's list the requirements of state bodies for the future drilling of artesian water:
- Sources of chemical contamination should notlocated closer than 300 meters. This is not about military ranges for the use of weapons of mass destruction. "Sources" refers to gas stations, oil depots, industrial facilities, and so on.
- Objects of biological threat should not be closer than 200 meters. These include landfills, cattle cemeteries, sewers, etc.
- The objects of human life should not be closer than 30 meters. These are houses, gardens, plants, etc.
- Soil, where there will be a well, can not be fertilized with any chemical elements.
- The drilling site must be renewed with a fence.
- Under the well there should be no engineering communications and facilities.
Before issuing permission you will have to hold a couplemeetings with an employee of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecology (MNRE). And believe me, he is not interested in issuing a license for you. This department is trying to "protect" nature. An extra "authorized" well is another "headache" for the department.
Hence the conclusion - it is necessary to fulfill all the requirements set by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecology (MNRE).
Stage two: collection of documents
In our country, the collection of certificates, documents andpermits, perhaps, is a whole science. Here is the actual expression: "Bring a statement from every woman that you are not married to her." With the issuance of a license will have to remember this catch phrase. But official use for half a century of clean and useful water is worth the effort. The following documents will be required:
- General and situational plan of the site.
- Grounds for ownership (contract of sale, lease, etc.).
- The cadastral plan.
- Certificate of tax registration.
- Documents of the legal sheet (charter, certificate of registration, etc.).
Stage three - additional approvals
Then the most interesting. It is necessary to calculate the consumption of daily water and provide data to the MNRE already known to us. Suddenly it turns out that the citizen will spend too much water. In fact, sarcasm is not here, because landslides, which occur "through the fault" of wells, quite often happen. This leads to ingress of harmful substances into the artesian water, after which it is necessary to carry out purification works.
Stage Four and Five: "Road" to Rospotrebnadzor and Oblkomvod
Rospotrebnadzor should approve the project to establish a sanitary protection zone for the first well belt (approximately 60 x 60 m).
The Commissariat coordinates and verifies the design of the future well.
Duties of the owner of an artesian well
The package of documents is collected.Now you can go to the Department of Subsoil Use and get permission to drill. Together with this the citizen receives not only the right to use the well, but also:
- A license that has a "shelf life" (payment for it is not a tax on the well).
- The agreement, which will have to monitor the state of groundwater.
- Statistical reporting.
- Cadastral number of the well.
- Geological expertise (conducted by the Department of Subsoil Use).
How much do you have to pay?
Each well has a technical passport,cadastral number and the device of the account of consumed water. Depending on the region and the purposes of use, the amount for each thousand cubic meters will be different. But today this amount is around 80 rubles. This, of course, "pennies" in comparison, say, with 20 rubles per cubic meter of water. But we will answer such "economists" immediately - the license itself and all the approvals will cost about 1 million rubles. And that's not counting the amount for drilling. Depending on the region, it is different. In Moscow, for example, it is from 500 thousand rubles. up to 2 million - depending on the depth of the well and limestone.
Sanitary zone: what is it?
The foregoing was that Rospotrebnadzor should coordinate the sanitary zone.Employees of this department should come tosite and conduct a water analysis. The task is to determine the purposes of its use. In other words, to establish whether it is possible to consume water for food or only for technical needs. But we agree that for our own safety this is a "good" prescription. You do not really want to drink water and think about what kind of resuscitation you will find yourself in.
If a summer house has a usual well for irrigation of a section of some 10-15 m deep there is nothing to worry about, there is no need to pay a tax on water from a well for individuals.But what will happen, say, in a year or two, no one can say. It is possible that a tax on a well in a private house will be mandatory for everyone.