Soundproofing in the apartment with your own hands. Technology, description, reviews
The quality of life in an apartment largely depends on theHow much noisy neighbors you got. If you want to cope with the sounded situation, you should make soundproofing of premises to get rid of unnecessary annoying sounds.
Sound insulation of ceilings
Soundproofing in the apartment can be donein several ways. Among them, you can highlight the work on the ceilings. Apply at the same time you can soundproofing plates, suspended ceilings and heat-insulating compounds. The most common technologies are the gluing of the surface with polystyrene and plastering. However, as practice shows, this method can not be called as effective as possible. Foam, polypropylene and cork are not able to adequately restrain excess noise. Suspended ceilings are often combined with sound-absorbing slabs, the latter fixed on the base of the ceiling, but this requires an impressive height of the walls in the room. A high level of noise absorption is achieved by using liquid sound and heat insulation compounds. Such materials can protect the surface from cold bridges, moisture and cope with sound retention. According to the absorbing and heat-insulating characteristics, a millimeter layer of similar composition is equivalent to one brick located in length.
Soundproofing technology for ceilings from plasterboard
Sound insulation of the ceiling in the apartment, reviews aboutwhich is often quite the most positive, can be carried out with the help of reed tiles, polyurethane foam blocks, water or froth glass. This method of noise insulation is the most common among apartment owners who have decided to repair themselves. Over the soundproof material, plasterboard slabs are laid, for this the master will not have to have professional building skills. If you are particularly concerned about the health of your loved ones, then you should choose environmentally friendly materials, including cork and coconut fiber.
If sound insulation of the ceiling is made inapartment, the reviews of which you must read in advance, then you should adhere to a certain technology. Thus, the work process will involve the implementation of marking for the correct location of the frame, while using a building level that will allow marking along the perimeter of the walls. To the ceiling surface, in the next stage, special brackets are fixed, to which the frame system is strengthened. The distance between the data elements of the system can vary from 0.6 to 1 meter. The final indicator will depend on the number of sheets of gypsum board, their dimensions and the type of construction. When the soundproofing of the ceiling in the apartment with their own hands, special glue is used. With this composition to the ceiling overlap will need to glue the membrane. The installation of the frame assumes providing a distance between the elements of 50-60 centimeters, which is true for perpendicular packing. With parallel stacking, this step is reduced to 40 centimeters. Between the profiles of the frame and the surface of the membrane is fixed noise insulation material. Sound insulation of the ceiling in the apartment with their hands provides for fixing the panel from gypsum board to the profile of the frame system. In those places where the connection will be made, a sound reinforcement strip is laid. In order to exclude the possibility of cracking the assembly seams, it is necessary to install the end parts of gypsum boards at the place where the profiles are located. The resulting joints between gipsokartonnymi sheets should be sealed with a moisture-resistant mastic or plaster.
Feedback on soundproofing with suspended ceilings
When soundproofing is made in an apartment,reviews of home masters and professionals are always recommended to be read before the work starts. Thus, professionals claim that acoustic suspended ceilings are specifically designed to absorb noise. Such systems are able to hide the roughness of the base and have an aesthetic appearance, which is very pleasing to the owners of their own housing.
Methods of work
Before making soundproofing in the apartment bytechnology installation of acoustic ceilings, it is necessary to become more familiar with the work process. This technology is not too complicated, that's why even an inexperienced master will be able to cope with the work. Initially, as in the above procedure, markup is done. The design is installed by means of hangers and rails. The cells are designed for laying soundproofing plates, they are made of moisture-proof and fireproof material that can absorb sound in the room, reducing the echo. Similar products are made of mineral wool or fiberglass.
Reviews about noise insulation technology suspended ceiling type
Sound insulation in the apartment can be produced andin the field of stretch ceilings, which is very common among consumers today. The material is fixed with glue or screws to the base ceiling. To do this, use acoustic plates. After the ceiling with a deviation of 10 centimeters from the soundproof material, the suspended ceiling design is fixed. Further, according to experts, the system of electric wiring is being arranged. At the next stage, the masters stretch the fabric, which, prior to work, lies in the room for the day, where work is supposed to be done.
Soundproofing in the field of a floor
No less effective way of noise absorptionis the device of the so-called floating floor. This technology can be used in the case of established relationships with neighbors from the top. This will give an amazing sound-absorbing effect. On the floor to pour granular polystyrene foam, and after laying a technical plug or fiberglass. On the insulation layer thus arranged, it is necessary to pour a layer of concrete, which will become a screed. The main floor is laid on this surface. If the insulation is supposed to be laid under the floor covering, the noise insulation will not be so effective. If you want the sound insulation in the apartment to be more improved, then on the floor of the upper apartment you need to lay elastic substrates that suppress noise. They can be used as roll substrates made of polyethylene base, which are replaced by a technical plug. It is good enough to cope with the noise suppression of those compounds that are made on the basis of fiberglass or polymer fibers.
Technology of soundproofing of walls
Sound insulation in the apartment can be carried outand in the field of walls. To do this, prepare the lathing from the metal profile. Before the start, a guide profile is used. At the point of fixing the profile to the wall, you need to fix the noise insulation tape, due to it the sound insulation will be improved. The profile is fixed to the floor, and after - to the ceiling. At the final stage it will need to be fixed to the walls. In the places where the profiles are mated, you need to fix them with screws. The same algorithm is used to prepare the rack profile. Its installation is performed in a fixed guide profile at a distance of 600 millimeters. This value is standard, and in the rest it is necessary to be guided by the dimensions of the acquired soundproof material. Sound insulation of walls in an apartment from neighbors should be made after check of an equality of an arrangement of system of skeletons. Perform these works by using a plumb or level. The next step will be the final fixation of the rack and guide profile by means of screws. Surface profiles should be pasted with a soundproof tape, which eliminates the loss of soundproofing properties in the places where the plasterboard sheets are joined to the frame.
Nuances of work
Sound insulation of walls in an apartment from neighborsIn the next step, the formed space of the frame system is filled with the selected sound-insulating material. The most often complete with gypsum cardboard is used stone wool. Work requires the use of personal protective equipment, namely gloves and a respirator. If there is a desire, then you can give preference to the material that, in your opinion, fits best.
Now the wizard can start fixinggipsokartonnyh sheets. To do this, you can use self-tapping screws or screws, the length of which is 2.5 centimeters. Do not forget that the places of joints of sheets should be well sealed with putty. The resulting gaps between the surfaces of the room and the skin should be filled with an elastic sealant.
On this we can assume that the soundproofing of walls inapartment with their own hands is completed. You can start the finishing work. They may involve priming or finishing with the selected material.
The most common sound insulation door in an apartmentis made with the help of polystyrene. This material shows its best qualities during operation, the main thing is to know that its installation should be made using a technology that excludes the formation of seams of excessive thickness.