Politics and morality: the correlation of concepts in modern society
Politics and morality are the most complexthe relationship of politics to the moral norms adopted in society. Both these concepts represent the organizational and control spheres of the society, however, they function in it in different ways.
Moral is designed to restrain a person and not to giveto do bad and unworthy deeds. If we turn to the history of primitive society, in it it was she who was the main institution for the management of small social communities. When the states and political institutions began to emerge, there are already two management systems - morality and politics.
Note that these two concepts are completelydifferent sources for creating a management structure. So, for morality those are traditions, customs and values, that is, it has a normative-value background. As for politics, it is based on the interests of all social groups, which then grow into laws. However, there are situations when the ruling elite imposes on society those laws that protect only its interests, infringing all others.
In addition, politics and morality have many moredifferences. So, moral requirements are universal and do not refer to any specifically existing situation. In addition, they are very abstract in nature, because they are sometimes difficult to assess. Politics is obliged to take into account specific social conditions, which manifest themselves in the case of the development of a particular situation. Its requirements are sufficiently specific, therefore for their violation, punishment is invariably and permanently imposed.
Note that the ratio of these two conceptsworried all researchers, since ancient times. So, Confucius, Plato, Socrates and Aristotle believed that good laws still do not guarantee justice in the country if the ruler does not have the appropriate moral qualities. Politics and morals in their vision were not divided.
For the first time theoretically separate these two conceptstried N. Machiavelli, who argued that every person has an insidious nature. Therefore, the ruler, when he needs to retain power, is able to resort to the use of any means that do not always correspond to generally accepted moral norms. Let us note that totalitarian regimes often use immoral and immoral policies. At first glance, it is considered very effective and pragmatic, but over time this state of things leads to the corruption of society and politicians.
Let us note that the interaction of law and morality withdifferent stages of development of the society took place in different ways. For example, immoral politics can also be covered by liberal ideas, which was typical of the Russian political situation of the 1990s. The means by which all proclaimed democratic slogans were put into practice were not only immoral, but also criminal in terms of law.
However, we note that the management of society, whichis based only on moral principles, is also utopian. The fact is that morality has a limitation in action in terms of time and space. After all, what was previously considered positive, then can be severely criticized, what is good for someone, for others - it's bad. And all moral principles are very difficult to "translate" into the language of legal norms and managerial decisions.
Thus, politics and morality are concepts,which is very difficult to combine in practice. As a rule, specific political interests are always in the forefront. However, society should control the ruling elite, because its policy risks becoming immoral.