New tax laws in 2018
Russian tax legislation does not stand still: every year something changes. Often this concerns mainly the subtleties of tax accounting for legal entities - but in 2018 several tax laws that directly apply to ordinary citizens will come into force or have already entered into force.
To understand and to forgive
The good news for many Russians was the “tax amnesty”, or simply the cancellation of debts on transport and land taxes, and also on property taxes as of January 1, 2015. The president proposed to adopt such a law in December, the senators jumped in and the amendments to the Tax Code came into force already in early 2018.
It would seem that the tax authorities still can not collect debts more than three years ago - why once again write it on paper? However, if the Federal Tax Service managed to send a claim in due time, then it would have to be paid after three, and after five years - and with all the penalty charges that came over. It was these debts, already estimated at billions of rubles, that this year was written off.
I also touched upon the amnesty and individual entrepreneurs - they also were forgiven of debts on most taxes at the beginning of 2015. The debts on insurance premiums were also canceled - as of the beginning of 2017, and for those private entrepreneurs who did not actually conduct business, but still received fines and interest on arrears on assessed contributions.
According to some estimates, in the total amount within the amnesty they will write off debts of 150 billion rubles, but taxes that were demanded after the dates specified in the law will still have to be paid. Or not - but then you have to wait until the next similar concession from the parliamentarians.
Not left unattended and retirees. Being exempt from paying property tax on one object of each type (apartment, cottage and garage), they still had to pay land tax. This created confusion - and the sums themselves turned out to be very heavy for many; for example, in the Moscow region tax can reach 20 thousand rubles for the usual six hundred square meters.
Now for pensioners there is a federal land tax exemption: since the beginning of 2018, six hundred square meters of land per person were released from it in all Russian regions.If the plot is larger (say, eight or even ten acres) or there are several of them, then you will have to pay for the surplus on a common basis.
It should be noted that tax privileges are not provided automatically - therefore, pensioners will still have to submit an application to the FTS with a request to exempt them from the land tax. But since the beginning of this year, the procedure has been slightly eased: now it is not necessary to collect documents to prove your rights - the tax authorities will request the necessary information themselves.
However, officials are going to stir this spoon of honey in a barrel of tar. Talk about raising a number of taxes predictably began immediately after the March presidential election - and now the parliament has already adopted in the third reading a law on raising VAT from 18% to 20%. The possibility of raising the income tax is being discussed at the top - albeit very carefully so far.
For a long time this topic was generally tabooed - the electorate is reacting too painfully. But at the end of March, the Cabinet of Ministers quite openly considered the idea of raising the income tax of individuals from 13% to 15% and gave typically hypocritical comments. Thus, Deputy Prime Minister Arkady Dvorkovich spoke in the sense that because of the 2% difference, "people will not run away from the country."
At the same time, even such an “imperceptible” increase will take out about 600 billion rubles from Russians’s pockets, and there is every reason to doubt the target use: no one can guarantee that they will go to social programs, and not to support the oligarchs - or not at all. .
Another idea of income tax reform is the introduction of a progressive scale: the rich, they say, will pay more and the poor less or nothing at all. However, experts warn that they will have to pay for this populist measure with mass exodus of workers into the shadows and a general slowdown in economic growth, which has been marking time for the past few years.
As always, some news about the laws this year turned out to be a leisurely fiction. So it was with the rumors about the abolition of taxes on cars - they say, the president has already signed everything; Apparently, many simply distorted the meaning of the amnesty on the transport tax and hurried with an optimistic conclusion.
Many feared that the tax authorities would begin to charge personal income tax from transferring funds from card to card automatically, without going into details. However, this also turned out to be a myth, which the Federal Tax Service itself stated.So from this side the Russians will not quietly lose their temper - at least not yet.
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