How to use the dishwasher: how to use and care for the dishwasher

Regular maintenance of the dishwasher - the key to long-term operation without repairs, leaks and emergency situations. Cleaning, selection of detergents and proper loading ensure uninterrupted operation of the unit in any selected mode.

Before testing programs, carefully read how to use the dishwasher in order to follow the basic rules of care.

Preparing for the first inclusion

Manufacturers require, and it is written in the instructions for use, before the first start, be sure to test the machine in idle mode, that is, without dishes. Washing will remove small debris and grease residues and allow you to understand how the mechanism functions.

During a test run, you can determine if the water is heating up and how quickly it leaves the washing chamber.Also, the user will be able to detect installation errors: whether the wires or hoses are pinched or there are no leaks at the connection points.

Testing is conducted according to all the rules of washing, but without dishes. You can select a mode by pressing a single button or the key combination specified in the instruction.

After the rinsing process is successfully completed, you need to wait until the machine cools down, and make the first wash, but with a full load.

An example of preparation for the first launch on the example of the built-in Flavia model:

Image Gallery
Photos of
Dishwasher chamber
Dishwasher chamber
Dishwasher Sprayer
Dishwasher Sprayer
Salt hole
Salt hole
Salt funnel
Salt funnel
Fill the rinse into the dispenser
Fill the rinse into the dispenser
Powder and 3-in-1 compartment
Powder and 3-in-1 compartment
Plates and pans in the basket
Plates and pans in the basket
Dishwasher Control Panel
Dishwasher Control Panel

If all the preparatory steps are done correctly, the machine will turn on automatically when the door is closed.

It is better to check the process of the first wash in order to make sure that the unit is in good condition and avoid trouble, for example, with improper loading.

After the end of the cycle, you need to wait 10-12 minutes so that the dishes and the internal parts of the PMM cool down. Then take the utensils and carefully inspect it to make sure the quality of the bath.

If there are traces of food on the dishes, then the mode is chosen incorrectly.- The next time you need to install a longer program.

Whitish stains suggest that the rinse aid did not work well, you should increase the dose or choose a better product.

Rules for loading dishes

All household items that are loaded into the pull-out baskets must be installed so that the water washes them freely from all sides, and then flows down as easily.

To prevent the user from experimenting with the placement, the manufacturer recommends using a hint scheme.

Scheme of loading dishes in one basket
Scheme of loading dishes in one basket. For the use of accommodation options, some holders are moving. There are additional insertion elements.

Full-size and narrow units are equipped with 2-3 boxes for loading. This is convenient for standard programs when the lower sector is subjected to more efficient cleaning.

And also for individual modes, for example,"Delicate"when only glass or crystal glasses installed in the upper basket are washed.

Below the boxes and above them there are rocker arms spraying water. During operation, they rotate, so it is important to monitor the alignment of tall objects in order to prevent damage to the sprinklers.

Loading dishes in baskets
Heavy and bulky items are placed in the lower basket - pots, bakeware, pans, large plates, cups, lids and baby bottles are placed in the upper compartment. For tableware - a separate basket

Sometimes it is required to wash things that do not fit in the lower compartment. Then remove the top basket, conveniently install the items and start the car with one basket. Deep tanks are placed downward so that water flows freely along the walls.

It is believed that the lower compartment of the machine is processed more aggressively and at elevated temperatures. Therefore, the plastic and the most fragile elements of the table setting are usually placed at the top.

Proper placement of dishes - an important step in the daily use of the machine.

Subtleties of operation PMM

You have to use the dishwasher every day, thereforeIt is important to take into account all the nuances of care, starting with the choice of washing products and ending with regular cleaning..

Consider the most important points that you have to face constantly when you start the car or after several washes.

Choice of detergents

If you take away the tablets, gel, powder and other detergents correctly, you will not have to replace the failed parts, additionally rinse the glasses or wash the most contaminated items.

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Photos of
Crumbly Powder for PMM
Crumbly Powder for PMM
Three-in-one universal tablets
Three-in-one universal tablets
Rinse for different types of dishes
Rinse for different types of dishes
Salt to reduce water hardness
Salt to reduce water hardness

When choosing tools, we advise you to study the recommendations of the manufacturer, user reviews, to learn more about new safe developments.

There are a series of ecoproducts, the least harmful to health, but sparing for dishes. They perfectly wash baby bottles and drinking bowls, but they can not cope with a greasy frying pan.

The most popular brands are BioMio, Claro, Finish, Minel, Eonite, Clean & Fresh, FeedBack, Filtero.

Dishwashing Detergents
Some dishwasher companies recommend using only their brand name products. However, the stores sell many more economical counterparts, no less effectively washing off dirt.

An important rule: the usual dishes for manual processing of dishes are not suitable.When using self-made tools also need to proceed with caution. Chlorine is prohibited to add.

Replacement of powder or tablets

Modern electronic models of dishwashers themselves suggest when to pour powder, salt or put a pill. On the electronic panel the indicator on the replacement warning lights up in red or orange.

You can run the cycle without detergent, but washing will be comparable to rinsingunder hot water - there may be traces of dried food or a layer of fat.

Salt is least likely to fall asleep, since the volume of one dose is designed for several weeks of work. At the first loading, it is recommended to fill 1/3 of the compartment with large crystals of salt, and 2/3 with water.

If instead of salt use complex tablets, the replacement occurs more often.

Filling the container for detergents
The use of detergent powders and gels also depends on the hardness of the water. For softening put more money. The maximum amount of one-time filling or filling is specified in the instructions.

Buying funds for the future, pay attention to the expiration date. Storage conditions must also be considered so that chemicals do not lose their strength.

Instructions for cleaning filters

The filtration system - usually 2-3 filters installed in the lower part of the washing chamber - should be cleaned regularly, without waiting for complete clogging with dirt.

Removal of food debris from the plates
The main reason for the clogging of the mesh and filter grids are large pieces of food that are not dissolved in water. Therefore, it is recommended to remove them from the plates, pots, pans

Fat is also not completely washed off, and sooner or later it will be necessary to clean the filters, even if you load almost clean dishes.


  1. Disable PMM. If there is no access to the outlet, then turn off the machine on the dashboard.
  2. A rag or foam sponge to remove residual water at the bottom.
  3. Unscrew the top part and remove the filters.
  4. Disconnect the fine filter.
  5. Clean all parts with a brush and rinse with detergent.
  6. Replace by inserting and screwing in the reverse order.

When cleaning use toothbrushes and special kitchen brushes, powders, gels, baking soda.

If white streaks or deposits are noticed, a lime cleaning procedure is necessary.. Apply the compounds that dissolve the raid, and if there is no special means, then ordinary citric acid.

Regular maintenance rules

Not only filters can suffer from dirt, but also chamber walls, sprinklers, and baskets for loading. The simplest thing a user can do is to wipe all parts manually from time to time with a damp cloth using a light detergent solution.

Spraying detergent on PMM
You can facilitate the process of care and use the sprinkler. Mix water with dishwashing detergent, pour it into a bottle, apply to all items inside the washing chamber, then wipe

Preventive dry cleaning will help protect internal parts from mold, greasy deposits or other dirt. The order of performance of work:

  • free all boxes from dishes;
  • fill the cuvette for the powder with a special dishwasher cleaner;
  • choose one of the lengthy programs for example"Standard".

The water temperature during washing should be above +60 ° C in order for the cleaning agents to work as efficiently as possible, and all the contaminants will dissolve and drain into the sewer system. It is recommended to practice dry cleaning at least once in 4-6 months.

The door is usually wiped by hand, carefully processing not only the front glass, but also the seals.

Drain hose with AquaStop system
The AquaStop system installed on the inlet hose prevents leakage and protects the machine from accidents. The hose together with the valve and the filters are removed and also carefully cleaned of debris.

In order for the drain system to work properly, you need to flush and drain the hose. It is unscrewed, rinsed with anti-fat detergent compositions and fixed in place.

Returning all the parts in place, you must tightly tighten the cap nuts and check the tightness of the connections before switching on. If the work is not done carefully, a small flood is possible during washing.

Conclusions and useful video on the topic

Quick and accessible about cleaning filters in the following video:

Useful User Tips for Dishwasher Maintenance:

Overview of popular tablets for PMM from the owner of the dishwasher:

A video tutorial on filling salt will help to understand the nuances of this procedure:

Regular cleaning and processing of the working area of ​​the dishwasher will not only save you from the unpleasant smell of sewage, but also increase the life of the machine. Schedule preventive and cleaning care activities and act strictly according to plan..

Soon it will become a habit, and the diligent assistant will always ideally launder the dishes in any of the selected programs, and a quick repair will not be necessary.

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