How to switch gears?
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The transmission is an integral partevery car, so before you get behind the wheel of a car, you need to know how to switch gears. And it does not matter what kind of car you have: with an automatic gearbox or with a "mechanics", because on the basis of the MCP, an "automatic" was created. In addition, when entering the school for motorists, you are unlikely to be offered to manage during a practical training with a car equipped with an automatic transmission. Basically, in garages of driving schools, cars with MCP are used, and not all instructors can explain to the student how to correctly switch gears.
All machines are based on technical datadiffer, as well as the engines, so there are specific rules regarding how to properly switch gears does not exist. If some instructors claim that the fifth gear at the mechanic corresponds to a speed of 90 km / h and more, then more experienced motorists are inclined to think that the fifth gear corresponds to a speed of 140 km / h and higher. The same goes for other programs. In any case, the driver must know the upper limits of the dispersal of his transport. In general, the limit on the tachometer is 5.5 thousand revolutions, but this does not mean that you will constantly drive in this mode. Therefore, it is recommended to operate the car when the value on the tachometer does not exceed 3000 turns - this is the normal driving mode. In every road situation, the machine can move at different speeds, and the timing of the gear shift depends on factors such as the nature of the road gradient and traffic intensity, the qualitative characteristics of the road surface and the load of the machine.
Working with clutch and pedals
Before you change the gearbox,you must press the clutch pedal and simultaneously release the accelerator pedal. This is very important, because before turning off the gear, your car can scream. When changing the gearbox, be sure to watch the speed mode of the car, because when you switch gears, you change the speed that should match the engine speed when the clutch is engaged. If you suddenly release the clutch pedal, if there is a significant discrepancy between speed and speed, the car will jerk. This phenomenon can lead either to an emergency situation, or to the fact that the car stalls.
Every motorist should know the followingfeature of the gearbox - the subsequent gear is picked up from a lower speed than the previous one. For example, if you go uphill in the first gear and the tachometer shows a value of up to 2500 rpm, while the speed of the car is 20 km / h, then, switching to the second gear, your car will have at the beginning 1700 - 1800 rpm and a speed of 15 km / h. Before switching gears on the mechanic, you must achieve an acceleration at a specific speed at a level corresponding to the next gear.
In most schools, instructors teach their ownstudents smooth release of the clutch pedal, but it can and do let go, provided that the speed mode of the machine corresponds to the engine speed. Thus, if the revolutions are at the level of 3000 units, then it is necessary to switch off the clutch by releasing the pedal, releasing the gas (simultaneously), then turning on the subsequent gear. After that, add gas (the speed is at 2200-2300 units per minute), turn on the clutch and release the pedal. We hope that all of the above has helped you to find out what gears to shift gears, so that the car does not stop its movement and does not rush sharply forward.
Overtaking and detour travel
Naturally, while the car is movingthe driver will sometimes overtake the vehicles ahead, so he needs to know how to switch gears on the car when overtaking or detour certain obstacles. First, you should know that such a characteristic as the dynamism of all cars is different. If you are a driver who prefers to drive a car at high speeds, and does not want to switch gears to a lower one, you should initially consider buying a car with a power unit with a capacity of at least 250 horsepower. Only such on the technical data engines allow to overtake cars and to go round obstacles in the fifth transfer.
The main feature of the ICIE is that it canswitch to any transmission. Therefore, at what speed to switch in machines with "mechanics", it's up to the driver himself. However, it should be borne in mind that some experts in their recommendations on how to switch gears (video confirmations to this on the Internet are available) argue that inconsistent switching leads to a rapid deterioration of the transmission. For example, if you are standing at a traffic light and immediately, when driving, turn on the fifth gear, then the transmission wears out. As practice shows, this statement is not believable for modern cars.