How to plant autumn raspberries, currants, gooseberries.
Autumn is the best time for planting and transplanting fruit and berry bushes. Landing dates stretch to mid-October. We will show you how to prepare planting pits, why you need to cut currant saplings before planting and where it is best to plant one or another shrub.
Planting gooseberry in the fall saplings
Gooseberries are grown on drained soils with a groundwater level of at least 1 m or planted on hills. This shrub demanding light - in low light fruiting will be minimal.
Before planting gooseberries in the fall, planting plants measuring 50 x 50 x 40 cm, previously filled with compost and fertile soil, are prepared, and sand is added to the clayey soil. Planting gooseberries in the fall is carried out at a distance of at least 1.5 meters between gooseberry bushes, between rows 2.5 m. After planting, the bush is watered and spud loose and fertile soil to a height of 25-30 cm.
When planting in the spring gooseberries spud to a height of 15 - 20 cm, before blooming buds watered under the root and shoots of watering cans (especially in dry weather), the soil is loosened.
Planting currants in the fall
All bushes, except raspberries and honeysuckle, should be planted obliquely, at an angle. No matter what size of seedling you plant in the fall, a cutting or a bush with 2-3 stems. When planting in the autumn, the branches of the shrub are buried in the soil so that 3 lower buds are in the ground. Above the surface, too, leave only 3 buds. The rest of the top of the bush is cut with shears. Cut currants before planting so that the shrub has a strong root system and a large number of adventitious roots.
The density of planting black currants in the fall depends on the variety, soil fertility, lighting, the formation and trimming of the bush. Varieties of black currant with a sprawling bush plant less often, and with a compact one more often. The standard distance between the black currant bushes in a row is 1 - 1.2 meters. Rows are located at a distance of 2 - 2.5 m from each other.
In winter, the soil around the currant seedlings will settle and thicken, the wounds on the roots of the plants will heal.Spring planting of currants is justified with a very late purchase of planting material (in the second half of October). In this case, the seedlings for the winter are added in drops, and the spring planting is carried out as early as possible, as soon as the soil allows.
How to plant currants in the fall
The planting of currants in the fall with saplings takes place in pre-prepared planting pits measuring 50 to 50 by 40 cm, filled with nutrients and fertilizers. It is best suited for this well-rotted manure or compost. Black currant grows well on subacid soils. If the soil in your garden is acidic, and even more acidic, then when planting a currant, add a deoxidizing agent that will work in the soil for a long time.
Place the saplings and cuttings of currants in a pit in an inclined position at an angle of 45 degrees, melt the roots and cover them with earth. gradually consolidating the soil. When planting, the sapling is slightly buried 6 to 8 cm and slightly shaken so that the earth uniformly fills the entire space between the roots and around them there are no voids.
While the pit is not completely filled with soil, the plants are watered 5 liters per bush, and then completely fall asleep.After planting, a roller is made around the bush and watered again (3-5 liters per bush).
After moisture is absorbed, the soil is mulched with peat or humus in a layer of 2 to 3 cm or covered with dry soil to avoid a crust. In dry weather after 2 - 3 days after planting, the plants are additionally watered and mulched again.
How to plant raspberries in the fall
Plants are placed in an array or planted along a fence along the border of a garden plot, away from plants that have common pests with it (strawberries, potatoes, tomatoes).
When planting raspberries in spring or autumn:
The groundwater level in the garden plot should not be 1.5 m from the soil surface, or this crop is grown in high beds (height depends on the groundwater level). For optimum illumination of plants and warming of the soil, the ridge is located from north to south.
Raspberries are planted in the autumn in rows in furrows, at the bottom of which for better drainage they put fine wood chips, chopped wood, plant stalks, corn, sunflower. Planting of raspberries in the fall with saplings takes place at a distance of about 2 m between rows, between plants in the row — 0.3–0.5 m. - 3 cmAfter planting the raspberry seedlings, the soil around them is mulched with humus or peat 2 - 3 kg per 1 square meter. m