How to configure BIOS (BIOS)?
In this article, we'll talk about how to set upbios. The BIOS is a small program written on a chip that is used by the computer immediately after power-up. If you want, the BIOS is the primary operating system, without which the PC can not work in principle. And the further work of the computer largely depends on its settings. Of course, the computer will work with the factory settings, but sometimes there is an urgent need to change these settings (when connecting other devices, rearranging the operating system, etc.). And we'll talk about how to do it.
How to configure bios: go to the system
After starting your computer, the BIOS will startself-test procedure. At this time, the motherboard shows the manufacturer's logo or data about the equipment passing through the equipment (this depends on the current settings). Also at this time at the bottom of the screen it is written how you can go into the BIOS settings interface and how to invoke the flash utility if necessary. We need the first. The BIOS is most often accessed by pressing the Del key (the right keypad). When you press this key, the configuration interface is displayed. To move from tab to tab, use the left and right arrow keys. The list of tabs is displayed at the top with the indication of the active tab at the moment. Let's start with the contents of the Main tab. It is divided into 2 unequal fields along the vertical. In the left field are placed settings that are amenable to modification, and sometimes there is additional information on the diagnosis. In the right field, contextual hints are displayed (the entire interface is in English). Move between points by using the arrow keys. To select an item, press Enter. Well, now directly to the settings.
How to properly configure the BIOS
With the system time and date, I think everything is clear. The parameter Legacy Diskette A does not need to be switched, since it is responsible for the floppod, and floppy disks are practically not used anymore. In the Language parameter, you can change the interface language. This setting can be useful to you if you know German or French better than English. The next item is the drives and drives connected to the SATA ports. Most often they are detected automatically, so you do not need to change anything here either. But the next item - Storage Configuration, we'll talk in more detail, as it is responsible for setting up the disk subsystem. With SATA Configuration, you can disable the SATA controller on the motherboard by selecting Disabled, but most importantly, you can also set the Enhanced mode here, which is adopted when using modern operating systems. Also, you can transfer the computer (more precisely, its disk system) to the compatibility mode with the old OS (starting from Windows 95, 98, ME) - here you need to select the Compatible value. The Configure SATA as item will show your OS disks in the form of so-called IDE devices (that when working under Win 2000 or XP does not create any problems with the disk system) - to do this, select the IDE value. You can also install advanced ACHI mode when using a system that allows it.
We continue our acquaintance with Main Menu
RAID mode is a redundant array of independentdisks. Here we mean reliability. Just do not set the mode to RAID 0, because it is less reliable than even a single hard drive - the hard drive. Hard Disk Write Protect is the protection of discs from writing, it's best not to activate it without too much weight. SATA Detect Time out is responsible for the time that your PC searches for disk system devices. Here the less time, the faster the download. Well, now we will get acquainted with the menu items SATA X (where X is the port number). Of course, we already said that there should be practically nothing to change there, but acquaintance with these menus will not be superfluous anyway.
How to configure BIOS: SATA menu
Type is the type of device. Here you can force the CD-ROM or other various devices (if you have them, you will see them in the list). LBA / Large Mode - this item is responsible for supporting hard drives with a capacity of more than 504 MB, so choose the value Auto, not Disabled. Block disables the transfer of several sectors of 512 bytes in size at a time, which will greatly reduce the speed of your hard drive. It is better to leave everything as is. PIO Mode imposes a fairly old mode of data exchange on the disc, so leave Auto here by default. DMA Mode is direct memory access. Here SWDMA is the slowest mode, MWDMA is pretty average, but UDMA or Ultra DMA is the smartest one. Therefore, it is better to leave Auto as the default. SMART Monitoring allows you to monitor the status of your hard drive. From the data on S.M.A.R.T. makes a conclusion about the viability of the hard drive and tells whether it's time to take care of its replacement. Here you can leave the Auto mode, but you can set it to Enabled and manually if there are any problems. With the help of 32 Bit Transfer, the 32-bit mode of data transfer via the PCI-bus of the chipset is specified. Here, leave everything as default, so as not to lower the data transfer rate.
Finish the setup
In the BIOS menu there is one more item - SystemInformation that contains general information about your system. It shows the version number of the microcode BIOS, the date of release of this system, the processor model with the clock frequency, the amount of RAM (RAM) in the system. It also says which BIOS chip is used and how it is selected, and the names for the 1st and 2nd BIOS are displayed. The above is enough to set up your computer the way you like and greatly improve its performance. Of course, most of the parameters should be left as is, but, for example, switching devices to AHCI mode is very useful. And me, for example, often had to change the devices used by the computer first by default at boot. Well, now you know how to properly configure Bios for the normal operation of your computer.