How to choose a hot tub: the rules and selection criteria
Jacuzzi differs from ordinary plumbing counterpart in that it has an additional effect on the human body with the help of air-water jets. According to doctors, bathing, combined with massage, leads to the tone of muscles and skin, depending on the chosen mode, it invigorates or soothes.
Let's try to figure out how to choose a hot tub, so that its functionality is combined with aesthetics.
Consider whether you really need hydro-massage equipment - the installation and operation of it costs a lot of effort and large material investments.
Isn't it easier out of habit to soak in a regular bath?
To avoid further misunderstandings, confirm the following factors before choosing:
- the area of the bathroom is sufficient to accommodate the bath;
- thorough waterproofing has been carried out at the installation site;
- the reliability of the floors fully complies with the installation requirements;
- doorways allow you to easily deliver equipment;
- the water supply is equipped with fine filters;
- you are ready to spend time regularly flushing and cleaning the injectors;
- You do not use bubble bath.
If something does not correspond, it is necessary to prepare in advance. Well, another “pleasant” surprise - your bills for paying for electricity will increase significantly.
If the difficulties did not frighten you, and the desire to purchase a hot tub has intensified, we will list the positive aspects:
- the effectiveness of water-bubble massage is equivalent to the force of the impact of vertical water jets when taking a shower;
- in contrast to the shower, in the bathroom, thanks to the horizontal position of the body, you can relax and distract;
- many modes allow you to "customize" the optimal by individual standardsjet intensity;
- Jacuzzi adoption can be combined with watching a movie or listening to your favorite tune.
The dynamic effect of water is useful in physical inactivity, obesity, and nerve over-stimulation. If you do not have enough time to go to the pool, the hydromassage can partially replace them. And now we will try to find out what needs to be considered when choosing a hot tub, and analyze the technical characteristics in detail.
Does the quality of the bath affect the quality of the material
There are no fundamental differences between the various models, as they all provide a massage process. However, the material may affect the service life of the product, its appearance, cost. Try to avoid obviously poor-quality products of economy class - for example, plastic. He quickly wears out, loses attractiveness and functionality. We recommend models of more resistant materials, which will be discussed in more detail.
Cast iron - the traditional solution
Due to the high heat capacity, cast iron is still a classic option for making baths, so many are not in a hurry to part with it.Conservative admirers of this material will tell you a whole list of its positive aspects:
- low noise level;
- high degree of wear resistance;
- easy care, etc.
But the main argument in favor of the cast-iron bowl is the low rate of cooling of hot water.
And now about the minuses. Difficulties may arise with the transportation and installation of equipment due to its large weight (this is the heaviest plumbing material of all). If additional mounts or holes are required, it is not possible to make them yourself. Do not forget about the cost - iron has always been more expensive than steel.
Steel - a budget option
Traditionally, steel is considered a relatively inexpensive material, although products with a hydromassage system will still cost a considerable amount - at least 20-30 thousand rubles. The cost consists of the price of the capacity itself and the costs of pumping equipment, the system of supply of air jets, non-slip coating.
Although there are not so many models on the modern market (compared to acrylic ones), they are bought with pleasure due to some advantages:
- standard shapes (mostly rectangular);
- lighter than cast iron weight;
- average heat capacity of the material.
Previously, users were dissatisfied with the noise that steel produces when water is supplied, but this defect has been eliminated in the newest modifications. If you like inexpensive and simple classics, choose a steel model.
Acrylic - safe polymer
With the advent of light plastic acrylic, manufacturers of sanitary equipment quickly switched to new technologies, and now the lion's share of the market is represented by acrylic models.The service life of the baths is at least 10 years, but it does not apply to nickel-plated parts and flexible elements.
Of course, the material is not perfect. He is just as afraid of mechanical and chemical damage, can be deformed by the influence of hot water, “walking” under the weight of the body. However, this is more true for cost-effective, low-cost products; luxury offers are much stronger.
One of the main advantages of acrylic is considered to be the ease with which transportation and installation take place without problems. The surface of the material is easily cleaned with a simple soap solution or a special cleaning agent. If you use abrasive powders or aggressive chemical solutions, you can spoil the structure of the material and its color.
Manufacturers like acrylic for plasticity, thanks to which the sanitary bowls can be given any shape. It is easier to work with a soft material, respectively, the hydromassage system is also easier to install.
Artificial stone - an elegant imitation
Designers are fond of materials from which it is easy to create unusual shapes. There was no exception and artificial stone, which in finished form according to the characteristics is not much different from natural. In fact, it is a frozen mass of natural origin with the addition of synthetic substances.
The basis of the material are rocks - marble and granite chips, quartz sand. Due to the color of the blotches, the bath gets a natural color tone. If you need an unusual color, add special dyes. The production technology is such that as a result we have a durable, wear-resistant material that is well tolerant of heating and exposure to chemical media.
Hydromassage baths from artificial stone are also made to order, according to specially designed projects. It is expensive, but comfortable and ideally suited for the interior style exclusive with a maximum set of additional features.
Which bath to choose: specifications
Acquainted with the functionality of the equipment, you will understand what features the bath has. One needs comfort in the process of receiving water procedures, the other - the power of the jets, the third - the design of the device and the compliance of the appearance with the stylistic features of the room. The ideal is the choice in which all the necessary characteristics are harmoniously combined.
Size: from sitting model to mini-pool
Bath dimensions are limited by the size of the room in which it is planned to be installed. If you live in Khrushchev, then a horizontal type of hydromassage structure is out of the question. The only thing you can count on is a multifunctional shower stall, but also under the condition of sufficient water pressure. Otherwise, you will have to get by with a regular bath 1.5-1.7 m long.
Owners of bathrooms with an area of 7-9 m² can count on compact hydromassage devices of angular or rectangular type.
Angular models are of two types: with the same and with different sides. You should choose the one that looks more harmonious in the interior. Do not forget that in addition to sanitary equipment in the room must be present furniture.
Devices without corners, that is, round or oval, are appropriate in large areas. They are installed in the center of the room, in the middle of any wall, in the corner - that is, in any place you like. Do not forget when calculating to take into account the dimensions not only of the case, but also of additional equipment (it can be seen on the installation diagram).
Do you need a powerful pump
The electric pump is responsible for the circulation of water in the system: the flow of the required amount of liquid through the nozzles into the bowl, the speed of the circuit, the force of the jets. To ensure aeromassage, a compressor is operated in parallel with the pump, which mixes air flows with water. Aero massage devices are easily recognizable by the mini-jets located at the bottom of the tank, while the outlets for the jets are usually located on the walls.
If the bath is equipped with one hydromassage pump, then its power will be equal to 800-900 watts. The design of the overall devices needs two pumps, then their total power will be about 1500 watts. You should also add the power of the aerocompressor - 500-700 watts. It is estimated that the capacity of hydromassage mini-pools with a full range of equipment and drainage system can reach 25-30 kW. But it is rather an exception.
A bath for home use in the middle price category usually has a pneumatic control method and 6 standard nozzles, which are serviced by a 700-800 W pump. Equipping a sanitary device with aero massage - plus another 1 kW.
Number and location of nozzles
The type of massage you can count on completely depends on the location of the outlet openings - nozzles located in different parts of the walls and the bottom of the body. From above, they are closed with a metal or plastic plug with several mini-holes,providing a process of spraying a water jet and mixing it with air.
Nozzles come in various types. For example, those at the bottom form bubbles for delicate aero massage. In rectangular models, 12 pieces are arranged in pairs along the entire length of the case. Rotary nozzles emit not a direct, but a spiral flow of water, which provides a more powerful effect.
The strength of the action can be judged by the appearance of the injectors, namely, by their size. Large provide a strong release of water and are suitable for deep massage, small dispense the flow of fluid and produce a light relaxing effect. Often groups of holes are located closer to the center of the bowl, at the level of the lumbar and spinal section.
Multifunctional models can be recognized by a large number of nozzles of different diameters serving almost all zones - foot, back, neck. The selected mode will provide massage exactly the area that you need.
Management system nuances
There are two types of control of the hydromassage system: mechanical and automatic (electronic). The choice depends on the comfort of making procedures and the cost of equipment in general.
Mechanical control involves the presence of manual switches - valves, levers, toggle switches, pneumatic buttons located on the side of the case. When choosing one mode or another, it is necessary to use some of them in turn, and in the simplest devices it is enough to press once to activate the water supply system.
The electronic system is a more complex device, for convenience it is equipped with a touch panel and an LCD display.It allows you to easily navigate in a variety of proposed modes, choose one or a series of several, adjust the power, include massage of individual zones, etc.
The console is convenient if the “entertainment” unit is equipped with a built-in video player or a music center, as well as additional options - heated water, lighting, etc.
Maximum comfort: bonuses of expensive models
If you are staying on an expensive model, ask for additional features and decide whether you really need them, because the high cost is made up of just a set of nice “bonuses”.
One of them is the backlight, which is located under the water.
Manufacturers call the system chromotherapy illumination - this is the term you can find in the instructions.
Ozone therapy is another way to increase the comfort of staying in water, which has an additional therapeutic effect. The method of recovery, previously available only in thermal hospitals, moved to private homes. The essence of therapeutic effects in immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory effects on the body. Hydrozone therapy is able to fight viruses, bacteria, besides well cleans the skin, making it more elastic.
Therapeutic effect produces and aromatherapy. In the special compartment it is necessary to place some essential oils, which, heating up, together with the hydromassage, have a healing effect. Choosing one of your favorite scents (roses, lavender, mandarin, eucalyptus) you can really relax and get a double pleasure from the procedure of taking a bath.
Additional technical options do not produce an external effect, but it does allow to make the bathing process as comfortable as possible. These include the following functions:
- protection against "dry inclusion";
- temperature control using a thermostat;
- the presence of check valves in the nozzles;
- automatic shutdown due to leakage of electric current;
- Built-in water filters with replaceable cartridges.
The most expensive models are equipped with video and audio equipment.
Features design hot tubs
A variety of design concerns mainly the size, shape and technical equipment. The design of the body of cast-iron and steel baths is traditional, acrylic products are distinguished by a variety of forms of performance, and equipment made of artificial stone - and colors.
Unlike conventional baths, among which you can find samples in retro style or avant-garde performance, hydro-massage equipment looks mostly the same.
You can find rare instances of unusual design, but they will be either very expensive copyright works, or custom-made. Therefore, keep in mind that the whirlpool equipment can disrupt the style of the bathroom, if you prefer country, Provence or English classics. But white gloss perfectly fit into the modern interior, decorated in the style of high-tech or minimalism.
The palm of superiority should be given to the creator of the Jacuzzi - the company Jacuzzi. Even models of economy class of this legendary brand look decent, and luxury offers are more like works of art. These are comfortable mini-pools with loungers and different levels of accommodation, filled to capacity with modern electronics.
The world-famous products of the company Villeroy & Bosh, engaged in the production of tiles, furniture and sanitary ware for bathrooms. Of particular note is the company's innovative product - quarian, an artificial stone, which has the strength of quartz and the elasticity of acrylic.
If you prefer devices with sophisticated electronics, pay attention to the Italian brand WGT. A small electronic device on the side or a remote control is all that is needed to control a multitude of functions. With one touch of a button, you can use one of the many programs, which even includes such trifles as raising a shower head to a certain level or draining water after a designated time.
From domestic offers such brands as BellRado, BAS, Aquanet, Radomir are popular, and the Chinese manufacturer Appollo and German Bach have also won recognition.
Conclusions and useful video on the topic
Useful videos will help you understand the variety of proposals and the nuances of installation.
About the benefits of acrylic:
Recommendations of Radomir specialists:
About the benefits of hot tubs:
Tips from a professional builder:
A bath with a hydromassage system is an expensive pleasure that will delight you over the next ten years, so you should take it very seriously. Consider the available offers, pay attention to the design features, study the technical specifications, consult with the experts and only after that make a purchase.