How much should a child sleep in the afternoon?
Deep, sufficient in duration and frequency,a timely sleep contributes to the complete restoration of the energy and strength of the child's body spent during wakefulness. The older the child, the longer are the periods of wakefulness, and he sleeps less. And, in addition, with aging, the dream itself also changes - it becomes deep, long and calm. Gradually the baby develops his own individual regime of the day, which should be tried to observe. With age, the mode will change, and not once.
To ensure adequate and adequate sleepadequate and prolonged wakefulness is necessary, and on the contrary - any activity will be more active after a good rest. The optimal sequence of alternation of the basic children's physiological needs is observed at the age of 9-10 months: feeding, wakefulness, sleep. Later this sequence changes: the duration of the waking period increases and the time of daytime sleep decreases. The duration of a night's sleep also varies in different seasons: in the spring and summer, the need for night sleep is significantly reduced.
Dream of the child of the first years of life
A feature of the nervous system of a small childis its physiological immaturity. In the first months and years of life, the human nervous system develops very quickly. However, its performance, stamina and efficiency are still very small, so the child is much more sleepy than playing, walking and talking with you. Everything that a newborn baby or babe does is unknowingly (involuntarily).
Neuropsychic development, on a par withphysical, occurs during active wakefulness: games, feeding, hygienic procedures and bathing, massage and gymnastics. Therefore, the average duration of sleep per day of the first year of life, significantly exceeds the time of wakefulness. Almost everything that happens to the baby, for him, for the first time and in a novelty, and the brain takes a long time to "put everything on the shelves and remember."
How much a child should sleep during the day depends onall of the above factors and, of course, age. Up to 5 months the baby sleeps a lot, 4 times a day - about 16 hours a day, from 5 to 10 months - 3 times a day, about 13 hours a day. After 10 months and up to 1.5 years inclusive - 2 times, night sleep is approaching 10-11 hours. From one and a half to seven years the child sleeps once a day (in older children, although difficult, but the habit of this need to develop), only the duration of the day, and later the night sleep changes.
So, a child of 1.5-2 years sleeps in the day about 3 hours, in2-4 years - 2.5 hours, child 3-7 years - about 2 hours. Although it should be noted that some babies may not comply with this frequency. After 7 years in the daytime, the child does not need to sleep, provided that the duration of a night's sleep is not less than 8-9 hours. After three years, the exact concept of how much a child should sleep during the day usually does not exist. All individually, and if the child no longer needs daytime sleep and feels well during the day, then it is not necessary to force such a child to sleep during the day.
Violations of the regime
First of all, it is necessary to understand to myself thatthe child can not help sleeping. Why do not children sleep during the day? Let's try to understand. The desire to sleep depends on 4 main factors: the intensity of energy costs during the waking period, the duration and depth of the previous sleep and the time elapsed from the last episode of sleep, the correct mode of the day - very well the children fall asleep during lactation, and the older ones - after dinner. Only the speed of the child's growing up, the parents can not exert any influence, everything else can be successfully and must be influenced and changed.
What is an "inverted mode"? It is often found when the child of the first year of life is the pride of parents and an example for other mothers: all day he is quiet, calm, cheerful, sleeps a lot and does not roll concerts. But all these indisputable advantages disappear in the evening, once the parents decide that the baby is about to go to sleep. The persistent mood of the mom and dad to put the child on is clearly contrary to the intentions of the toddler, who struggles to resist, and demonstrates an enviable activity and readiness to sing, play and dance as soon as you cross the threshold of the children's room and he sees his crib. The night turns from measured and quiet to a full day, providing a place for fantasy and endurance of adults who are ready for anything, only if the beloved child falls asleep!
If the child falls asleep, then this sleep is superficialand short, interrupted by the slightest rustle. This is already a diagnosis. In everyday life they say: "I messed up the day with the night." And doctors prefer the term "inverted disease". The child sleeps all day, and at night is ready to stay awake for hours. Self-management of the inverted-mode illness must begin with a balanced analysis of the reasons that led to such a change in the regime.