How does the spruce grow?
One of the most familiar, but at the same timeThe most beautiful trees are considered spruce. Few can pass this tree quietly, without stopping their gaze on it. And where do the firs come from, how do they grow? But the process of growth of this tree is very long.
Which is better: seeds or cuttings?
Spruce usually grows from seeds. It is best to tell how the spruce grows, can foresters. They remove the top layer of the earth, softening the soil for better germination of the seed. The seeds themselves, hidden in cones of spruce, reach maturity at the end of September, but often do not withstand frost.
Spruce can be propagated by cuttings and less oftenvaccination. Such forms of reproduction refer to garden and ornamental spruce trees. But only a professional can use them. It is easier to grow a herringbone from a seed, but up to two years it will be necessary to take care of it carefully, so that it does not dry out in the summer and does not freeze in winter.
Growth and development of spruce
The first spruce shoots are similar to pine shoots. Young trees grow slowly, and only after 10 years you can see how spruce grows rapidly, dramatically increasing the rate of growth. And so it grows to 100 years, and even a little more, and only after this age the growth rate of spruce in height decreases.
Fruiting can begin with both 15 and 70years. If spruce grows in open places, then bear fruit earlier than those that grow among other trees. For good spruce growth, moist and soft earth are important. Closer to the age of ten ate its core root dies. And weak lateral roots are in the upper layer of the soil, so these trees suffer from wind.
Age of spruce
For those who do not know how many spruce grow, we can say that these trees live for several hundred years. Usually spruce live 300 years. But there are also unique trees that live more than 500 years.
Fir trees are not afraid of frost. Only on young shoots may be detrimental to spring frosts. Growing evergreen spruce up to 50 meters high, and the diameter of the trunk can be up to 2 meters.