History lessons: what is spiritual writing?
The history of the people is its main treasure and memory,which is not forgotten after many centuries. Being interested in the facts about the life of our ancestors, we often notice that the information is shrouded in secrets and deep meaning. Many are trying to find out what spiritual literacy is, how to understand it and decipher it. Some researchers give the following definition to the concept: spiritual literacy is one of the most important sources of Russian medieval history, a testament addressed not only to specific individuals, but to the whole people and descendants.
Testament of the princes
In ancient times, in order to understand what the specificPrince, it was enough just to look at his spiritual letter. She gave detailed information about the owner's property, about the reasons and ways of acquiring it. Thanks to the recorded information, in an extraordinary testament we can trace the dynamics of the collection or fragmentation of prince's lands and riches. In the Middle Ages, almost everything was known about spiritual literacy. The manuscripts were stored for a long time and carefully, because they were treated with great care before the documents. Up to now, a collection of testaments of the great Moscow princes has come down.
Life and work of Ivan Kalita
One of the most remarkable and valuablespiritual literacy of Ivan Kalita. It was truly the Grand Duke, who was born in 1283 and went through a difficult path before becoming a well-known and revered person during his lifetime. At the very beginning of his reign the prince achieved tremendous results. He was respected for his ability to find a common language with people, as well as for his perseverance and purpose. Thanks to Great Ivan, the economic and political life of the union of the Moscow Principality and the Golden Horde came in harmony. Kalita was merciless with traitors and strict with his people, any opposition was always thwarted to them with ease.
The Spiritual Charter of Ivan Kalita
Kalita's spiritual reading was a long onetime, in a very difficult historical period for Russia. In the beginning of the will there is an indication of the state of health of the prince. He assured me that everything is in order with him mentally and that there are no physical deviations either. During his life, Kalita accumulated sufficient capital, which bequeathed to his sons and wife, Princess Ulyana. In the document, Ivan listed all his savings, which he inherited from his father, grandfather, and those that he earned independently. By the way, there were a lot of them. At that time the Grand Duke was the owner of several cities, including Ruza, Zvenigorod, Mozhaisk, Serpukhov, Kolomna. Ivan Kalita owned dozens of villages and volosts.
Thus, the question of what isspiritual letter, you can give a simple answer - the most real testament, composed during the reign period. For the first time Kalita neglected the rules of separation of inheritance. He gave it to all his sons equally, not paying attention to the "staircase climb", according to which a significant proportion was given to the eldest son. It is worth noting that Ivan Kalita did not take care of anyone except his family. The whole inheritance was divided in a close cousin. It is interesting that the prince did not sing out a "widow's share" to his wife. The money that rightfully belonged to her, he gave to his eldest son and ordered him to take care of his mother and younger brothers.
Kalita's testament these days
Unfortunately, few know what spirituality is.literacy, but it is never too late to read it and to be imbued with events of a thousand years ago. For example, the testament of Ivan Kalita is now available to every person. There are two versions of the spiritual letter of the Grand Duke, each of which deserves attention.