Formation of the crown of trees and shrubs - create a "living sculpture" in the garden.
A wonderful way to turn a summer cottage into an aristocratic villa is to create trees and bushes in the garden, cleverly cut in the form of various geometric shapes.
The formation of the crown of trees and shrubs in the garden is a very exciting experience. Shrubs that have a form, called topiary. Topiary is a formative pruning, with the help of which trees and shrubs are given a conceived shape from simple geometric figures (ball, cube, pyramid) and ending with the most complex silhouettes of animals, people and fairy tale characters. Spirals, letters and numbers are also popular.
The topiary of the bushes requires a lot of patience. Before such a “living sculpture” appears in your garden, young shoots will have to be cut for several years.
What to practice?
In order to understand how much you will like hairdressing, you can practice on a kohia of a venite, one-year herbaceous plant up to 120 cm in height. They tolerate haircuts and crown formation of “Green Forest”, “Sultan”, “Summer Cyprus”, “Trichophillus” . Working with Kochia is a real pleasure. Toward the autumn the bush will turn red and take on a very beautiful look. At the end of the season, you can simply pull it out and send it to the compost so that next year you can grow a new figure in this place.
Another excellent option for training is small-leaved elm. The tree grows very quickly after pruning, so that all the flaws of your work will not be visible. This is also the main minus of elm: the plant quickly starts up new shoots, and if the form is successful, you will have to continue to maintain it with frequent haircuts.
From what bushes to form a living sculpture in the garden.
For topiary shrubs experts advise to choose plants with slow growth, dense dense crown and small leaves. In cold regions, bushes such as:
- thuja is western,
In the southern areas the list will be added:
- common hornbeam,
- Norway holly,
- laurel cherry
In our climate, the ideal plant for haircuts is western thuja. Unlike spruce, it can be formed in just a year! The first evergreen haircut is carried out in the second half of the summer. Subsequent - in March - April, before the start of sap flow. During periods of active growth, coniferous plants should not be disturbed by a haircut.
In the south, the most popular plant for creating topiarnyh figures - boxwood. Shear him thoroughly twice a year. We advise beginners to plant two bushes at once: one for training, the other - “purebred”.
Conditions and care.
Formed plants, both trees and shrubs do not tolerate drought and frost. For most plants, it is better to choose a place protected from wind and bright sun. In autumn, the root ball and the base of the trunk are covered with an additional layer of earth or sawdust. “Living sculptures” of complex shape should be completely covered with a cloth, because it will be very difficult to make up the damaged shoots. In general, it should be remembered that mowing depletes trees and shrubs, so proper care, feeding and adherence to agricultural technology are important for them.
Immediately after cutting the plant, it is desirable to support it with the help of stimulants. Zircon can be used to accelerate rooting, and epine can be sprayed onto the crown. Do not forget to water and rain over the crown of conifers.
Fine cone-shaped figures are formed from fir and spruce, but they maintain their density only if they grow in the sun. In the shadow of the crown will be quite loose. For a thick form, annually pinch growths, leaving 1 - 2 young needles. The easiest way to do this is at the moment when it is only when the regrowth begins.
How to mow bushes in the form of a ball or a pyramid
Simple shapes with a good sense of form can be cut out without any devices “by eye”. If you think how to cut the bushes in the form of animals, then it will be more difficult. The plant is grown to the desired size, and then give it the desired shape, cutting off all unnecessary. Usually it is spherical in shape to various bushes - barberry, deren and spirea.
If you can not boast of a good eye, you will need a pattern of bamboo sticks or battens connected by adhesive tape.The template is applied to the plant and cut off all the shoots protruding beyond the limits of the form.
If you plan a particularly complex shape, the creation of which will take more than one year, you can use a stationary pattern, which is a wire frame. He gently dig in the planting site, trying not to damage the roots. The plant itself is placed inside the frame, and everything that is outside is cut off. The metal walls of the frame serve as a clear guide for cutting. With their help, create interesting figures of thuja and juniper.
On a note.
There are ways to create garden sculptures that generally do not include haircuts. All that is needed for this is a frame modeling the figure. Just plant creepers around it, such as girlish grapes or ivy, and shoot them along the wire. Soon the vine will wrap the frame exactly in shape.
When to have a haircut.
It is possible to start creating a topiarnoy form when the plant reaches the age of 5 years and its root system develops sufficiently. The hairstyle is carried out during the period of shoot growth, removing not more than one third of the green mass at a time, otherwise the plant will start to hurt.
When using the frame, the shoots germinating through the mesh are pinched, leaving 3 - 4 buds on the branch. Due to this, the plant begins to branch more actively, the foliage will gradually become thicker.
For cutting plants, you can use not only special scissors (mechanical or battery), but also the usual garden shears. Only it is necessary to make sure that its blades are well sharpened and do not “chew on” the cuts.