Culture, customs and traditions of the Buryat people
From time immemorial Buryats lived nearthe legendary Lake Baikal. The culture of this people is a vivid plexus of the traditions of Asia and Europe combined with their unique original embodiment. What traditions of the Buryat people are considered the most interesting, and what should a tourist know who goes on vacation to Buryatia?
Attitude to the world around us
Buryats spiritualize the world around them. Any grove, valley or pond, according to representatives of this people, has its own spirit. You can not disregard any tree or stone. Spitting on the ground or in the lake is prohibited in these parts. It is also impermissible to break trees, pick grass or kill animals without extreme necessity. Traditions of the Buryat people also include the worship of special sacred places. They are forbidden to build fire, commit unclean acts and even think badly. Even today in many regions of Buryatia there are widespread sacrifices to the spirits living around people. The sacred are fire and smoke, they are often used in various shamanic rituals and rituals.
It is normal to ask an unfamiliar Buryat,to what kind he belongs. This people greatly appreciate the blood ties, and each of its representatives without hesitation will name the names of all their ancestors on the paternal line, up to the 7th-8th generation. The greatest happiness is the birth of a boy in the family. From the earliest years, children learn the traditions and customs of the Buryat people. Boys are taught to deal with horses, confidently stick in the saddle and shoot arrows, and girls - to help with the au pair and folk crafts. Children of both sexes also learn the traditions of communicating with the spirit world, are brought up with a deep sense of respect for the wisdom of the elders. Buryats are famous as hospitable people. From time immemorial for these people, one of the most important was the principle of mutual assistance and mutual assistance. Every Buryat considers it his duty to share what he has with a less prosperous neighbor. In this country everyone knocking on the door first will be treated with tea, and only after they ask what happened.
Traditions of the Buryat people: photos of national and family holidays
One of the most interesting local holidays -Surkharban, the day of the worship of the spirits of the Earth. The celebration began with the rituals of sacrifice and prayers, after which there were mass festivities with games, competitions and general treats. Traditions of the Buryat people are inextricably linked with the most important holiday of the year - Sagaalgan (Beginning of the White Month). This date is celebrated according to the lunar calendar on the first day of the first spring month. Celebrate the beginning of the new year begins the day before, the Dugzhuba rite is held, during which "Sor" is burnt. On this magical night, special prayers are read, and from the first day of the new month, 15 more days are praised for the miracles of the Buddha. There is also his Santa Claus in Buryatia - his name is Sagaan Ubgan (White Elder). But family holidays in this country are not always celebrated with great scope. Wedding and birth of children from Buryats are associated with rituals, obtaining blessings from spirits and protection from evil entities.
National games, dances and other arts
All holidays in Buryatia are accompanied bynational dances and games. Such actions can carry a ritual meaning or be exclusively entertainment entertainment. Some games and dances were invented especially for rallying unfamiliar participants of the holiday. Traditions of the Buryat people are inextricably linked with local folklore. Often in this country there are even separate competitions of readers, narrators of folk legends, storytellers and bards. Such improvised festivals have always attracted a huge number of spectators. A great popularity is enjoyed by "Sese Bulialdah" (a verbal game on wit) that is appropriate for all holidays. In this action, two people participate, asking each other provocative questions in turn, to which you must quickly respond. Interesting traditions of the Buryat people are connected with physical culture. In this country, the most real Olympics of local importance are held regularly. Moreover, no major holiday can not do without sports. During such competitions all young men and men can find out which of them is the most dexterous and strong, and then together celebrate the winner's win.