Conscious and unconscious human psyche
The human psyche is very interestingphenomenon. Formed in the process of historical evolution, represents the highest stage of development. Due to the presence of advanced and active reflection, which is carried out by the brain and sense organs, a person is able not only to adapt to the surrounding reality, but actively and constantly to change it.
It is due to the fact that the psyche isso complex, "separated" two layers - the conscious and the unconscious. To study this aspect, a large number of works of the scientist Z. Freud was devoted, which could explain much in their functioning, answer some basic questions.
In ancient times it was believed that a person hasonly consciousness, so he can control almost everyone. But the dissonance that exists in the psychic life, constantly raised new questions. People always wanted to find the answer to the following questions:
- How do dreams arise?
- How can they be interpreted?
- Why does a person have dreams?
- How are automatic actions and skills formed?
- Because of what a person makes clerks and reservations?
- How does a strong desire arise?
So sooner or later the question is thatthere is a conscious and unconscious in the human psyche, it was to arise. The last phenomenon was considered by scientists as a piggy bank of all repressed, secret thoughts and desires of man.
But it can not be said that the conscious andThe unconscious has a close relationship. To be more precise, they most likely act as "neighbors" who live in the same house, but very rarely visit each other. So, a person who is conscious is not always able to guess about his hidden thoughts and desires, which are stored in the unconscious. These neighbors do not always "get along well with each other" and do not know until the end what the "other" does. Let us consider in more detail how the conscious and the unconscious among themselves "agree", relying on the concept of the structure of the individual, which was developed by Z. Freud.
According to her, our consciousness, called the "I"is a collection of knowledge about the inner and outer worlds. Consequently, a person has the notion that he is a representative of the species Homo sapiens, what is his name, social position and so on. This layer covers the system of all the most important cognitive processes that help enrich all knowledge. But, in this interpretation, a person would remain a self-developing robot. Only the complex "conscious and unconscious" is able to "revive" such a psyche. How?
The unconscious ("IT") fulfills the stimulatingfunction. Due to needs and motives, a person is able to constantly move forward, trying to achieve what he wants in this or that sphere of his life. But if he follows each of his desires, he will behave like an animal in behavior.
That is why, Freud singled out the third component in the personality structure - "SUPERH-I", which is very important for human socialization. What is its function?
TOP-I covers those areas of humanThe psyche that makes him a participant in social space. It includes: morality, value orientations, ideals. It is the moral component that is capable of "pacifying" the unconscious "IT", dictating to the consciousness of man how to act in accordance with the norms and laws adopted in a given society. The parents of the child are responsible for the formation of this layer, as it "fills" in preschool and school age.
So it turns out how closely closely morality, consciousness and unconscious. Human psychology will not be able to function fully without their participation.