Computer OS Components
Probably, many users of "operatsionok"Windows families have come across such a concept as OS components. Not all, however, clearly imagine what it is and why such services are needed. Moreover, the vast majority of users and does not know that they can be selectively disabled or used. Since we mainly use different versions of Windows OS, we will consider them.
Functional components of the OS, or the main components of Windows
As for the general interpretation of components"Operating systems" Windows, almost all sources give an explanation that this is a built-in package of multimedia applications and web services (and for some OS additional features), which replaced the MSN services in 2005.
Then it became known as Windows Live, and laterwas renamed to "Basic Windows Components" (OS components). In fact, this is a number of applications, so to speak, for all occasions, including some multimedia programs, development tools or services for monitoring network connections and remote access. The functional components of the network OS will be discussed later. For now, let's dwell on the main package, as well as the feasibility and method of disabling a number of unused services and processes.
How do operating system components affect performance?
Each user should clearly understand thatwhen the operating system boots, not only the main processes responsible for the operation of the entire system start, but also a huge number of background services that are not visible to the user's eye. Do not believe me? Go to the "Task Manager" and see how many there are.
Naturally, some unused serviceshave a detrimental effect on Windows performance. In the background, they are able to load both RAM and the processor to an unthinkable level. In this case, some of them often make the most use of even access to the hard disk. Together, this only leads to the fact that the system starts to slow down, to put it mildly, and the launch of some applications in general becomes impossible.
Enabling or disabling services
Now let's look at enabling or disabling OS components. Where is this section located? As usual, in the "Control Panel" - in the menu of programs and components (for versions of Windows Vista and above).
Unfortunately, in Windows XP such functions are not provided (except for the emergency completion of processes). But in all newer systems, they can either be used or disabled at their discretion.
So, go to the above section, left inselect the menu to enable and disable the components of the system and look at the list. What we have? At first glance, you see a bunch of incomprehensible services that are enabled or disabled by default (for example, the .NET Framework or Windows Power Shell in use).
We'll talk right away, if you do not know what it issuch, it is better not to touch such services, and even the whole system "will fly off". On the other hand, many familiar OS components can be found in the list. Immediately strikes so all the hotly disliked Internet Explorer browser, which is turned on by default. As it is already clear, if you do not treat his followers and use a different browser, this service can be easily deactivated.
Now, pay attention to the OS components forwork with multimedia. Depending on the version of Windows, the list may be different. So, for example, you can safely turn off, say, a home video studio (provided it is never used) or the same Windows Media Player (the system will give a warning that the shutdown can affect other programs, but it's okay). If you notice, then on the line there is a "+" sign, it means there is a drop-down list. Thus, you can disable either the entire list or its individual components.
Go ahead. Here you can find more printing services. Again, if you do not have a printer installed in your system, and the user never prints documents on the home terminal, or sends them to network printers, why is the service turned on? And she, if someone does not know, is "gluttonous" enough. Here you can also remove the XPS document viewer, if the user with this type does not work, and so on.
However, this is just a couple of basic examples. As already mentioned, depending on which version of the system, and even its modification is installed on a computer terminal or laptop, the lists of services can vary very much. It is enough to compare the same "OSes" of Windows 7 Home and Ultimate, not to mention the difference between the "seven", "eight" and "ten".
For all systems there is a single rule: After enabling or disabling any component, the computer must be rebooted for the changes to take effect (the system itself will prompt you to do this while saving the changes).
As for network components, then to themordinary user who has no idea what they are for, it is better not to climb at all. Basically, this is a different kind of administration tools and protocols for connecting to networks or the Internet, as well as some security features. For obvious reasons, what and how it works or what it is used for, we will not disassemble it - it will not say anything to the average user anyway. So let's leave this question for system administrators.
Should I disable unused services?
What are the components of the OS, we have already figured out. It remains to add a few words about the advisability of including or disabling one or another component. Of course, unused services can be disabled and necessary. But you just need to do this only if you know exactly which service you are trying to disconnect, otherwise you will not have problems later.