Biography of Fidel Castro. The path of the Cuban leader
For more than half a century, Cuba has beenthe permanent leader is Fidel Castro. The years of life of the commandant are full of different events. The biography of Fidel Castro can not be assessed unambiguously. About him written a lot of works, monographs and filmed a large number of documentary tapes. Someone calls him a people's ruler, but someone calls him a dictator. The commandant experienced more than 600 attempts on his life.
Biography of Fidel Castro: childhood and youth
The future Cuban ruler was born on August 131926 in the province of Orente, in the town of Biran. His family owned a small own sugarcane plantation. In 1941, Fidel began training in college, which he graduated with honors. According to friends and acquaintances, he was distinguished from an early age by a rare purposefulness and ambition. Further, Castro continues his studies at the University of Havana. While studying, the future commandant takes an active part in the political actions of the Cuban People's Party. In 1950, he received a law degree and opened a private practice, but revolutionary ideas prevailed.
In 1953, Fidel takes a directParticipation in an attack on a large garrison of government forces, but the enterprise fails. Many conspirators die, and the rest fall into prison (including Castro, who received a term of 15 years). However, under the pressure of the Cuban and world public, Fulgencio Batista in 1955 releases prisoners and sends them to Mexico.
Biography of Fidel Castro: The Cuban Revolution
In Cuba, the future commandant returned in 1958together with Che Guevara. With them was an armed militant group of insurgents. With their return to Cuba, large-scale revolutionary actions began, and the partisan movement began to gain momentum. In 1959, the rebels captured the capital and after some time overthrew the regime of Batista. As a result of the revolution, Fidel Castro became the new Cuban dictator, head of government and commander-in-chief. He began to build socialism, nationalized the property of private companies, as well as sections of medium and large landowners. This pretty spoiled the relations of the commandant with the United States, and many Cubans began to leave the Island of Freedom. Political repression began in the country.
Biography of Fidel Castro:relationship with the US
Relations between Fidel Castro and the US after the revolutionquickly deteriorated. American corporations lost their property due to nationalization, which hurt Uncle Sam for living things. The United States simply could not lose the "all-Caribbean brothel", which at that time was Cuba. Hundreds of millions of dollars have been invested in this country. In 1961, the CIA launched a special operation, which is better known as the landing in the Bay of Pigs. On the coast of the island, the Americans landed a brigade of well-armed and trained mercenaries, consisting primarily of Hispanics and runaway Cubans. They had to start military operations, kindle an uprising and topple the Castro regime, but were defeated. At the same time, Fidel actively cooperates with the USSR. In 1962, Soviet rockets were placed on the island, which led to the Caribbean crisis.
Economic development of Cuba
In the 1960s and 1970s, the country's economy was activelyIt is developed thanks to gratuitous Soviet aid. Tourism is flourishing, medicine is becoming free, the literacy of the population is increasing. However, the opposition is still very strong. Against Castro even some former comrades come forward. In the 80s, the Soviet Union stopped helping Castro, which leads to a severe economic crisis. In the 1990s, Cuba became the poorest country in the region. In 2008, the Cuban leader, in connection with a poor state of health, actually transferred power to his brother Raul.
Fidel Castro. Biography. Personal life of the commandant
Credible data on the personal life of the Cubanleader is not much. According to the official biography he was married twice, but the rumor ascribes to him a huge number of novels. The commandant has seven children.